How to Grow an Evergreen Yerba Mate Tree: A South American Tea-like Beverage

Yerba Mate

If you’re looking for a unique and interesting plant to grow in your garden, consider an evergreen yerba mate tree.

This South American native is related to the holly family, and can reach heights of up to 10 metres.

Mate, a tea-like beverage made from the caffeine-infused leaves, has been enjoyed by natives of Paraguay for centuries.

And now, with global demand on the rise, more and more people are discovering this delicious drink.

Botanical Name Ilex paraguariensis
Common Name Yerba Mate Plant, Maté, Yerba Matá, Paraguay Tea
Plant Type Evergreen tree/shrub
Mature Size Up to 15 meters
Sun Exposure Full Sun/Partial Shade
Soil Type Tolerates a variety, but should be well-drained
Soil pH Preference for slightly acidic, but tolerates a variety
Bloom Time Late fall/early winter
Flower Color Green White
Hardiness Zones Up to 9
Native Area Subtropical regions of South America

Tips for Keeping Your Plants Healthy

If you’re growing yerba mate, there are a few things you can do to make sure your plants stay healthy. First, make sure they have plenty of sunlight.

They prefer full sun but can tolerate partial shade. Second, water them regularly.

They like to be kept moist but not soggy. Third, fertilize them every few weeks with a balanced fertilizer.

Fourth, prune them regularly to encourage new growth and keep them from getting too leggy. Following these tips will help you enjoy your yerba mate for years to come!

Lighting and Temperature

Yerba mate prefers bright, indirect sunlight but will also tolerate some shade. It should be kept in temperatures above freezing and can tolerate heat up to 95 degrees Fahrenheit.

If you live in an area with hot summers, it is best to grow yerba mate in a pot that can be moved indoors during the hottest months.


The best site for planting yerba mate is one that receives full sun and has well-drained soil. The tree will not tolerate wet, boggy conditions.

If your site is prone to flooding, consider building a raised bed or planting the tree on a slope.


Fertilizer is necessary for best results. A slow-release fertilizer should be applied in early spring, before new growth begins.

For potted plants, apply a water-soluble fertilizer every two weeks during the growing season.

Overfertilizing can damage yerba mate plants, so it is important to follow directions on the fertilizer package carefully.


Pruning is an important part of keeping your yerba mate tree healthy and ensuring a good harvest. To prune, you’ll need a sharp knife or pruning shears.

Start by removing any dead, diseased, or damaged leaves and stems.


The tree will need to be watered regularly, especially when the weather is hot and dry. It’s best to water in the morning so that the leaves have time to dry off before nightfall.


Size and shape will vary depending on the cultivar, but all evergreen yerba mate trees have a similar growth habit.

They typically have a single trunk with branches that grow upward and then outward at a 45-degree angle.


The small white flowers of the yerba mate tree emerge in late fall and early winter. These flowers are followed by dark green leaves that provide color and interest all year long.

The tree produces tiny red berries in the late spring and early summer, which are used to make the Mate tea-like beverage.

Growing From Seeds

Anyone who has ever tried to grow a plant from seed knows that it is not always an easy task.

Some seeds seem to sprout almost effortlessly, while others stubbornly refuse to germinate no matter what conditions they are given.

Yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis) is a species of holly that is native to South America, and it falls into the latter category.

Growing yerba mate from seed can be a challenge, but it is possible to increase the chances of success by following a few simple tips.

The first step is to purchase seeds from a reputable source. While it is possible to find yerba mate seeds at some garden centers, they are often difficult to find and may not be of the best quality.

It is generally better to purchase them from an online merchant. Once you have your seeds, you will need to stratify them in order to break their dormancy.

This can be done by placing them in a bag with moist sand and storing them in the refrigerator for two to three months.

After stratification, the seeds should be sown in a greenhouse or other protected environment.

Being Grown in Containers

Yerba Mate is a type of South American holly that is often used to make tea. The leaves of the plant are rich in caffeine and other nutrients, making them a popular choice for those seeking an energizing beverage.

While Yerba Mate can be grown outdoors in the right environment, it is best suited for indoor growth in a container.

This is because the plant has a tendency to spread quickly, making regular pruning necessary to keep it under control.

When growing Yerba Mate indoors, it is important to place the plant in a bright spot and keep the soil moist.

With proper care, indoor Yerba Mate plants can provide a steady supply of fresh leaves for tea-making throughout the year.

Propagating Yerba Mate

When taking cuttings from an established plant, it is important to choose a cutting that is semi-wooded and mature. Mature cuttings are more likely to establish themselves quickly and successfully.

Summer is the best time to take cuttings, as the plants are actively growing and their rooting hormone levels are high. It is also important to treat the cutting with an astringent before planting.

This will help to prevent disease and encourage the development of strong roots. By following these guidelines, you can ensure that your cuttings will have the best chance of success.

How do you harvest yerba mate?

The harvest of yerba mate is generally performed by hand, using a variety of tools such as handsaws, machetes, and scissors.

The leaves are gathered into tarps made of nylon, and then picked based on their dimensions and quality. This process can be quite labor-intensive, but it ensures that only the best leaves are harvested for mate production.

In recent years, some producers have begun using electric harvesting machines to make the process more efficient.

However, many mate aficionados believe that these machines can damage the delicate leaves, resulting in a lower-quality product.

As a result, manual harvesting remains the preferred method for many yerba mate producers.

Is yerba mate a drug?

Stimulant drugs work by increasing the activity of the nervous system. This can lead to increased alertness, energy, and heart rate.

Yerba mate is a stimulant drug that contains caffeine. Ephedrine is another stimulant drug. When these two drugs are consumed together, it can lead to excessive stimulation and side effects such as increased heart rate and blood pressure, palpitations, tremors, and anxiety.

In some cases, this can also lead to heart issues. Therefore, it is important to be aware of the potential risks of consuming yerba mate before using it.

What is yerba mate related to?

Yerba mate is a plant native to South America that has been used for centuries as a way to boost energy and promote weight loss.

The leaves of the yerba mate plant are dried and then steeped in hot water to make a tea-like beverage. Yerba mate contains caffeine, as well as several other nutrients that are thought to provide health benefits.

For example, yerba mate is high in antioxidants, which can help to protect cells from damage. Additionally, yerba mate contains vitamins A, C, and E, as well as minerals like potassium and magnesium.

While more research is needed to confirm the potential health benefits of yerba mate, drinking this tea-like beverage may offer some benefits.

Does yerba mate get u high?

Yerba Mate is a tea that originates from South America, specifically Uruguay, Brazil, and Argentina. The leaves of the Yerba Mate plant are dried, roasted, and ground up to make a potent tea.

This tea has been used for centuries by the indigenous people of South America for its medicinal properties. Yerba Mate has traditionally been used to treat fatigue, headaches, and stomach problems.

More recently, it has been shown to be effective in weight loss, improving mental clarity and focus, and boosting energy levels.

While Yerba Mate does not contain any psychoactive substances, it is important to note that it is a stimulant and can therefore cause anxiety and nervousness in some people.

It is best to start with small amounts of this tea until you know how your body will react to it. When consumed in moderation, Yerba Mate can be an incredibly beneficial tea with a wide range of health benefits.

What is the difference between mate and yerba mate?

Yerba mate and mate are both traditional South American beverages, but they differ in both taste and preparation.

Yerba mate is made from the leaves of the yerba mate plant, while mate is made from the stems and leaves. This gives yerba mate a more bitter flavor, while mate is more grassy.

Mate is also traditionally brewed with hot water, while yerba mate is brewed with cold water. Finally, yerba mate is typically drunk through a straw, while mate is drunk straight from the gourd.

While both beverages are energizing and enjoy a long tradition in South America, they offer different flavors and brewing experiences.

Where is mate tea from?

Mate tea is a traditional South American beverage that has gained popularity in recent years. The tea is made from the leaves of the yerba mate plant, which is native to Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, and Paraguay.

Mate tea is typically brewed with hot water, and it has a slightly bitter taste. Mate tea is rich in antioxidants and vitamins, and it is said to have numerous health benefits.

Some people believe that mate tea can help to boost energy levels, improve mental clarity, and aid in weight loss.

Mate tea is typically served warm or cold, and it can be enjoyed plain or with sugar or honey.

Is yerba mate easy to grow?

Yes, yerba mate plants are quite easy to grow. They don’t require a lot of care or attention, and they can thrived in a variety of climates and conditions.

The leaves of the yerba mate plant are what contains all of the health benefits. When steeped in warm water, the leaves release antioxidants and a range of cholesterol-lowering properties.

So, not only is yerba mate easy to grow, but it can also be beneficial for your health.

What plant makes mate?

The plant that makes mate is called Ilex paraguariensis, and it is also known by the common names yerba mate plant, mate, yerba mata, and Paraguay tea.

This evergreen tree is native to Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina, and it has been cultivated for centuries for its leaves, which are used to make a traditional South American herbal tea.

Mate is high in caffeine and other compounds that have been shown to have various health benefits. For example, mate has been linked to improved mental focus and increased physical energy.

It has also been shown to boost the immune system and protect against certain types of cancer. As a result, this traditional South American beverage is becoming increasingly popular around the world.

Is yerba mate a tea plant?

Yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis) is a species of holly that is native to subtropical South America. The leaves and stems of the plant are often used to make a tea-like beverage known as mate.

Mate is a traditional drink in Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, and southern Brazil, and is consumed at a ratio of 6 to 1 over coffee in these countries.

Although mate is often referred to as a tea, it does not contain any tea leaves. Instead, the leaves and stems of the yerba mate plant are dried and brewed to create the mate beverage.

Yerba mate contains caffeine, as well as a variety of other nutrients, including vitamins A, C, and E, minerals such as calcium and magnesium, and antioxidants.

These nutrients may offer some health benefits, such as increased energy levels, improved mental focus, and reduced inflammation.

Is yerba mate plant based?

Yerba Mate is a plant-based energy source that has been consumed in the form of a beverage for centuries. The plant is a member of the holly family and is native to South America.

Yerba Mate contains caffeine, which helps to boost energy levels. However, unlike other sources of caffeine, such as coffee or tea, Yerba Mate also contains a range of other nutrients, including vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.

This makes it a more balanced and wholesome source of energy. Additionally, Yerba Mate is not associated with the same side effects as other sources of caffeine, such as jitters or nervousness.

For these reasons, Yerba Mate is an excellent choice for those seeking an all-natural and plant-based source of energy.

Jessica Miles

Jessica Miles is a writer for Botanique Boutique, a plant and gardening blog. She has always loved plants, flowers, and anything green. When she was younger, she used to watch her grandfather garden and would be in awe of the beautiful flowers he would grow. Now Jessica writes about all things related to plants and gardening - from beginner tips on how to start growing your own plants, to in-depth guides on caring for a specific type of flower or plant. She loves helping others learn about this fascinating hobby, and hopes that her writing will inspire people to get outside and enjoy nature!

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