How to Grow Melampodium: The Genus That Blooms from Spring to Frost


If you’re looking for a flower that will bloom from spring to frost, look no further than malampodium.

This genus, which is native to Central America, South America, and the southern part of North America, contains several species of annuals that are known for their continuous display of sunflower-like flowers.

They are simple to grow and can withstand a variety of climates and environments that other flowers cannot.

Botanical Name Melampodium
Common Name Butter daisy, Black foot
Plant Type Annual
Mature Size 6-12 inches tall, 8-12 inches wide
Sun Exposure Full sun
Soil Type Sandy, rocky
Soil pH 6-8
Bloom Time Spring, Summer, Fall
Flower Color White, yellow
Hardiness Zones 9-11
Native Area Mexico, Brazil, Southwestern US

Tips for Keeping Your Plants Healthy

  • When it comes to growing melampodium, there are a few things you can do to ensure your plants stay healthy.
  • First, make sure you plant them in an area that gets plenty of sunlight. Melampodium need at least six hours of sunlight each day in order to thrive.
  • If you live in an area with long summer days, your melampodium will likely do fine with even less sun.
  • Second, be sure to water your melampodium regularly. These plants like to have moist soil, so check the soil around your plants every few days and water them if it feels dry.
  • During hot summer months, you may need to water your melampodium daily or even twice a day in order for them to stay hydrated.
  • Finally, don’t forget to fertilize your plants every few weeks. A good all-purpose fertilizer will do the trick or you can use a fertilizer specifically designed for melampodium.

Lighting and Temperature

Melampodium prefers full sun but will tolerate partial shade, especially in the heat of the summer. They are not particular about soil type as long as it is well-drained.

Melampodium does best in average to poor soils. Fertilize melampodium monthly with a balanced fertilizer such as 20-20-20.


Soil, water, and light are the three things you need to grow melampodium. The soil should be well-draining, and the plant does best in full sun.

Watermelons like to stay moist, so water regularly, especially during hot summer days.


Fertilizer is not necessary for melampodium, as they are tough plants that can withstand a variety of conditions.

They do best in full sun and well-drained soil but can also tolerate partial sun and clay soils. Melampodium can be planted in the spring or fall.


Pruning is not necessary for melampodium, but if you want to keep it tidy, you can cut it back after blooming. It is a good idea to add some organic matter to the soil before planting.


Watering requirements for melampodium are low, as the plant is quite drought-tolerant. It prefers full sun but can also tolerate partial shade.

The soil should be well-drained and sandy to gravelly. Melampodium does not like wet feet, so make sure the pot or planting area has good drainage.


Size and shape of malampodium plants:

M. divaricatum and M. leucanthum are both small, compact plants that typically grow to be about 12-18 inches tall and wide.

They have a mounded growth habit and their leaves are dark green in color with a slightly rough texture.


Flowering from spring to frost, there is much to love about the genus Melampodium.

Also known as black-foot daisy, this sunflower-like flower is easy to grow and can withstand a variety of climates – making it a perfect choice for gardeners in many different regions.

Common Pests & Plant Diseases

Many gardeners choose plant varieties that are resistant to insect pests, in order to avoid the hassle and expense of treatment.

However, even these plants may be susceptible to other problems, such as powdery mildew. This fungal infection thrives in humid, hot, and humid climates, and can cause leaves to turn yellow and drop off.

To prevent powdery mildew from taking hold, make sure the plants have plenty of space to improve air circulation. In addition, avoid overhead watering, which can promote fungal growth.

By taking these simple precautions, you can keep your plants healthy and free of disease.

Propagating Melampodium

Melampodium, like other annuals, is best propagated by seeds, which can be purchased or harvested by drying flower heads.

Plant-based propagation, such as cuttings of stems to root, is possible, but it is usually unnecessary because the plant is easy to cultivate from seed (see further below).

It’s also very simple to transplant seedlings from volunteer seeds that sprout in the garden or from self-seeding melampodium plants. The key to success with either method is to carefully dig up the entire root ball and replant it at the same depth in its new location.

If you are moving seedlings that were started indoors, acclimate them slowly to outdoor conditions over the course of a week before transplanting them into the garden.

Once they are in the ground, keep the soil moist but not soggy until they are established. With a little care, melampodium plants will thrive in any sunny spot.

Types of Melampodium

M. Divericatum, commonly known as the butter daisy, is a 12 to 24-inch tall plant that is native to North America. It has golden orange blossoms with darker orange centers.

This plant is an annual that is grown as a garden plant. There are many cultivars of this plant that are available for purchase. These include “Derby”, “Jackpot Gold”, “Lemon Delight”, “Medallion”, and “Million Gold”. M. leucanthum, commonly known as the black-foot daisy, is another annual plant in the Melampodium genus that is grown as a garden plant.

This plant typically reaches heights of 12 to 18 inches and has white or lavender blooms with black centers. It is native to North America and Mexico. Cultivars of this plant include “Alba”, “Carnea”, and “Purpurea”.

Both of these species require full sun and well-drained soil in order to thrive. They are both low maintenance plants that are pest and disease resistant. These plants make great additions to any garden and will provide color throughout the growing season.

How tall does melampodium get?

Melampodium is a genus of flowering plants that includes about 60 species. The plants are native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas, and they are popular ornamental plants.

Most species of melampodium are annuals, but a few are perennials. The plants typically grow to be between 10 and 24 inches tall. They have small, bright flowers that bloom throughout the summer. Melampodium is relatively easy to care for and can thrive in a variety of soil types.

It is important to keep the soil moist, but not wet, as too much water can cause the roots to rot. Melampodium does best in full sun but can also tolerate some shade. With proper care, these plants will add color and beauty to any garden.

How do you take care of daisies at home?

Daisies are one of the most popular flowers in the world. They come in a wide range of colors and sizes, and they are relatively easy to care for. However, there are a few things you need to keep in mind if you want your daisies to thrive.

Firstly, they need plenty of sunlight. If possible, plant them in a spot that gets at least six hours of direct sunlight per day.

Secondly, they need well-drained soil. The roots of daisies are sensitive to waterlogging, so it’s important to make sure that the soil drains quickly.

Finally, daisies need plenty of water. Water them deeply and regularly, especially during hot weather. By following these simple tips, you can enjoy a beautiful display of daisies in your garden for many years to come.

Does melampodium spread?

Melampodium is a genus of plants in the sunflower family. They are native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas.

Melampodium showstar is a low-growing spread variety that has an large number of golden flowers. It is grown as an annual or perennial in USDA hardiness zones 10 and 11.

The plant prefers full sun and well-drained soil. It is drought- and heat-tolerant. Showstar melampodium can be propagated by seed or cuttings. It attracts bees and butterflies, but is deer-resistant.

What does melampodium look like?

The melampodium plant is native to Mexico, but can now be found in many tropical and sub-tropical regions around the world. It is a perennial plant that typically grows to be around one to three feet tall, with a spread of two to four feet.

The leaves are dark green and arranged in opposite pairs along the stem. The flowers are borne in clusters at the ends of the stems and have yellow petals with a black or dark brown center.

After blooming, the flowers are followed by seed pods that contain numerous small seeds. Melampodium is commonly used as an ornamental plant in gardens and landscaping.

It is also known by a number of other names, including blackfoot daisy, goldendust plant, and African gold flower.

How tall does melampodium grow?

Melampodium is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family. They are native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas, from Mexico to Argentina.

The genus includes annual and perennial herbs, shrubs, and subshrubs. The plants have branched stems and alternately arranged leaves. The flower heads are borne singly or in clusters.

Each head has 10-30 yellow or white ray florets surrounding a central disc of small tubular florets. Melampodium plants typically grow 10-24 inches tall, with a few species reaching up to 3 feet tall.

They are popular as ornamental plants, and many cultivars have been developed for use in gardens. Melampodium is also used as a folk medicine in some parts of Latin America.

The plants have been shown to possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial properties.

Is black foot daisy perennial?

Blackfoot daisy (Plains blackfoot) is a low-growing, bushy perennial that commonly reaches 6-12 inches in height and twice as wide. It is easily identified by its thin leaves and small white flowers that resemble daisies.

Although it is native to the plains states in the United States, it can also be found in other parts of the world including Australia, where it is sometimes considered a weed.

In its native habitat, black foot daisy typically blooms from May to October and is often used as a groundcover or for erosion control. It is also a popular choice for Xeriscaping, which is a type of gardening that focuses on using drought-tolerant plants.

Although it is relatively easy to care for, black foot daisy does best in well-drained soils and full sun.

How big does melampodium get?

The melampodium plant is an annual that generally grows to be 6-12 inches tall and 8-12 inches wide. It prefers full sun exposure, and does best in well-drained soil.

Melampodium is a drought-tolerant plant, so it does not require a lot of water once it is established. This plant produces yellow flowers with black centers that are 2-3 inches in diameter.

The flowers bloom from summer to fall, and the plant may rebloom if the spent flowers are removed. Butter daisies are typically pest and disease free, making them a low maintenance addition to the garden.

Is melampodium perennial or annual?

Melampodium is an annual plant, which means that it completes its life cycle in one growing season. Annual plants typically flower, produce seed, and die within a year.

Some annual plants, like melampodium, will start to bloom soon after they sprout from seed. Others may take several months to reach maturity.

Once an annual plant has flowered and produced seed, it will begin to die back.

The dying back process is known as senescence, and it signals the end of the plant’s life cycle. Annuallys are usually classified by their growth habit.

Herbaceous annuals are soft-bodied plants that die back to the ground each winter.

Woody annuals are plants that produce woody stems, but they still die back each year. Half-hardy annuals are plants that can withstand some frost, but they will not survive if the temperature drops too low.

Melampodium is a herbaceous annual, which means that it has soft leaves and stems and dies back to the ground each winter.

Is melampodium perennial?

The Melampodium plant is a perennial that returns each year to add color to the garden with flowers.

However, they are only able to do this in USDA zones that are below 8. Melampodiums are also able to re-seed themselves, which makes annuals appear as perennials.

This means that, as long as the conditions are right, a Melampodium plant will keep coming back year after year.

How do you take care of a butter daisy?

Butter daisies are easy to cultivate in almost any place. Plant them in well-drained, fertile soil, and maintain soil moisture. Water them regularly, even in dry conditions.

Apply an evenly balanced liquid fertilizer to the plants every month. Butter daisies will prosper in full sun or partial shade. If you live in an area with hot summers, choose a shady spot for your butter daisies.

Butter daisies will flower from spring through summer and into fall if they are deadheaded regularly. Cut the plants back by half in late fall to tidy up the garden and encourage fresh growth in spring.

Butter daisies are not susceptible to many pests or diseases, but slugs and snails may enjoy nibbling on the leaves. Keep an eye out for these pests and remove them by hand when you see them.

Jessica Miles

Jessica Miles is a writer for Botanique Boutique, a plant and gardening blog. She has always loved plants, flowers, and anything green. When she was younger, she used to watch her grandfather garden and would be in awe of the beautiful flowers he would grow. Now Jessica writes about all things related to plants and gardening - from beginner tips on how to start growing your own plants, to in-depth guides on caring for a specific type of flower or plant. She loves helping others learn about this fascinating hobby, and hopes that her writing will inspire people to get outside and enjoy nature!

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