How to plant and care for a heavenly bamboo: A guide for beginners

If you’re looking for a low-maintenance ornamental plant that will add beauty to your landscape all year long, look no further than the bamboo of heaven.

This lovely evergreen shrub is native to eastern Asia, and is grown for its delicate green leaves and showy displays of pink, red, and white flowers and berries.

It can be planted or transplanted during the fall months, and will reach maturity in just a few years.

Botanical Name Nandina domestica
Common Name Heavenly bamboo, sacred bamboo
Plant Type Shrub
Mature Size 7 ft. tall, 5 ft. wide
Sun Exposure Full sun, partial sun
Soil Type Rich, well-draining
Soil pH 3.7-6.4
Bloom Time Spring
Flower Color Cream, white
Hardiness Zones 6 to 9 (USDA)
Native Area Eastern Asia
Toxicity Toxic to animals

Tips for Keeping Your Plants Healthy:

  • Amend the soil with organic matter before planting.
  • Plant in a location that receives full sun to partial shade.
  • Water regularly during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system.
  • Feed with an all-purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring.
  • Prune as needed to shape plant and remove any damaged or diseased stems.
  • Mulch around the base of the plant to help retain moisture and suppress weeds.

With just a little bit of care, you can enjoy the beauty of heavenly bamboo for many years to come!

Lighting and Temperature

Heavenly bamboo does best in full sun to partial shade, but it will tolerate some light shade. It is not particular about soil type as long as the soil is well-drained.

This plant is drought tolerant once established, but looks its best with regular watering during periods of drought.


Heavenly bamboo grows best in moist, well-drained soil that is high in organic matter. If your soil is heavy clay or sandy, you can improve it by adding compost or other organic matter before planting.

This will help the roots to establish themselves more easily and encourage growth.


Fertilizer is not necessary for this plant, although a slow-release fertilizer can be used in the spring if desired.

Nandina domestica is drought tolerant once established and does not require much water beyond what is received from rainfall.


Pruning is only necessary if you want to control the size or shape of your heavenly bamboo. If left unpruned, it will grow into a dense, multi-stemmed shrub that can reach up to 15 feet tall and just as wide.

To prune, simply remove any dead or diseased stems with sharp, clean pruning shears.


Watering and fertilizing are important for the growth of heavenly bamboo. It is best to water this plant deeply and then let the soil dry out completely before watering again.


Heavenly bamboo grows to be about six feet tall and four feet wide at maturity.

Foliage: The leaves of heavenly bamboo are what give the plant its name. They are long and thin, similar to the leaves of true bamboo plants.

The leaves are green during the growing season and turn red or pink in the fall and winter months.


Flowering occurs in late spring with small, white blossoms that appear in clusters. The flowers are followed by bright red berries which last all winter and provide food for birds.

Planting is best done during the cool fall months when temperatures are milder and there is less stress on the plant.

Common Pests & Diseases

Heavenly bamboo (Nandina domestica) is a beautiful evergreen shrub that is often used as an ornamental plant. The shrub is native to China and Japan, and it has been introduced to many other countries around the world.

Heavenly bamboo is relatively easy to care for, but it is vulnerable to several different pests. Cotton cushion scales ( white bumps), mealybugs (cottony tissue forms), and whiteflies (causes leaves to turn yellow and fall) can all cause problems for the plant.

However, heavenly bamboo is relatively tolerant of pest infestations and can easily recover from minor damage. Bacterial leaf scorch is a more serious problem that can affect the plant, but this disease is not common in most areas.

With proper care, heavenly bamboo can be a charming addition to any garden.

Propagating Heavenly Bamboo

Cuttings can be used to propagate Heavenly Bamboo. There are two types of cuttings that can be used: softwood and semi-hardwood.

Softwood cuttings are taken from new growth and should be harvested in the spring or early summer. Semi-hardwood cuttings are taken from slightly older growth and should be harvested in the summer or late fall.

To take a softwood cutting, remove the stem of the bamboo to reveal the point of new growth. The new growth will be softer and more green than last year’s growth.

Dip the cutting tip into a growing hormone, then put the cutting into a container. Keep the soil moist until the roots begin to grow.

To take a semi-hardwood cutting, remove a portion of the cane that is solid but not fully mature.

Cut the cane into sections that are about 6 inches long. Dip the cuttings into a growing hormone, then put them into a container. Keep the soil moist until the roots begin to grow.

Heavenly Bamboo Varieties

The heavenly bamboo, also known as the Nandina domestica, is a species of evergreen shrub that is native to eastern Asia. There are numerous cultivators of the heavenly bamboo, many of which are dwarf species.

The most well-known cultivators are as follows: Domestica Nandina Firecracker or Fire Power is a dwarf species with dark red leaves in the winter. Nandina domestica Richmond, a species known for its prolific berry production, can grow up to 5 feet tall.

Domestica Nandina ‘Pygmea’ (also known as ‘Nana’) It is distinguished by its lush foliage and small size, growing to a height of about 2-4 feet. It doesn’t produce many berries.

All cultivars of the heavenly bamboo are fast-growing and easy to care for, making them a popular choice for both gardens and landscaping.

Heavenly Bamboo Care

Heavenly bamboo (Nandina domestica) is an ornamental evergreen plant in the Berberidaceae family. It grows well in USDA zones 6 to 9 and thrives in mildly humid, bright conditions.

Heavenly bamboo can withstand temperatures as low as 10° Fahrenheit (or 12° Celsius), but it cannot tolerate cold temperatures for long. Once established, it is usually a low-maintenance, pest-free plant.

The hardy plant is frequently used as a foundation plant and in informal hedges, shrub borders, and containers.

Heavenly bamboo is known for its striking foliage, which ranges in color from deep green to bright red.

The plant’s erect stems are topped with clusters of small white flowers, which give way to bright red berries. While the berries are poisonous to humans, they are an important food source for birds.

Deer, and other wildlife. If you’re looking for an attractive, easy-to-care-for plant for your home or garden, heavenly bamboo is a great option.

Can nandinas live in full shade?

Nandina is a versatile plant that can live in full shade or partial shade. It does best in well-drained, moist soil that is rich in nutrients.

Nandina is tolerant of extremes in soil and exposure, and is relatively non-infested and disease-free.

While it can survive in a variety of conditions, nandina will thrive and produce the best-looking foliage when given the ideal growing conditions.

Where is the best place to plant nandinas?

Nandinas are popular landscape plants due to their attractive evergreen foliage and ability to tolerate a wide range of growing conditions.

While they can technically be grown in partial shade, nandinas will produce the best foliage color in full sun. Consequently, the best place to plant nandinas is in an area that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight per day.

In terms of soil, nandinas are relatively tolerant and will do well in most type of soils as long as they are well-drained.

However, for optimal growth, it is best to plant nandinas in rich, loamy soil that has been amended with organic matter.

With proper care, nandinas will thrive in nearly any sunny spot in the garden.

How fast do Nandina plants grow?

Nandina plants are a fast-growing type of shrub, capable of reaching heights of 12-24 inches in just one growing season.

This makes them an excellent choice for gardeners who want to fill in empty spaces quickly.

Despite their rapid growth rate, Nandinas are relatively low-maintenance plants, requiring only occasional pruning to keep them looking tidy.

They are also tolerant of a wide range of soils and climates, making them suitable for use in many different types of gardens.

With their striking foliage and ease of care, it’s no wonder that Nandinas are such a popular choice among gardeners.

How far apart should you plant heavenly bamboo?

Heavenly bamboo (Nandina domestica) is a beautiful, multi-stemmed shrub that is perfect for adding a touch of elegance to any garden.

Though it is often used as a hedge or foundation plant, it can also be planted on its own as a specimen plant.

Heavenly bamboo is relatively easy to care for, and it can tolerate a wide range of soil types and drainage conditions. It is also tolerant of full sun or partial shade.

One of the most important things to consider when planting heavenly bamboo is spacing. This shrub can grow quite large, so it is important to give it enough room to spread out.

A general rule of thumb is to plant heavenly bamboo 3-5 feet apart. This will allow the shrubs plenty of room to grow without crowding each other out.

Additionally, it is important to plant heavenly bamboo at the correct depth. Seeds should be planted 3 inches below the surface, while transplants should be planted at the root ball depth.

With proper care, heavenly bamboo will thrive in any garden.

Where do you put nandina?

Nandina, also known as heavenly bamboo, is an evergreen shrub that is native to Japan. It is often grown for its attractive foliage, which ranges in color from deep green to burgundy.

Nandina can be planted in the ground or in a pot, and it is relatively easy to care for. When choosing a location for nandina, keep in mind that it prefers an area that is in sun or partially shade.

The plant also needs moist soil, especially during the first two years after planting. Once established, nandina is fairly drought-tolerant.

Be sure to fertilize nandina regularly to encourage healthy growth. With proper care, nandina can thrive in almost any setting.

How do you plant nandina heavenly bamboo?

Nandina heavenly bamboo is an evergreen shrub that can add structure and interest to any landscape. Though it is often used as a foundation plant or hedge, it can also be planted as a specimen plant.

Nandina heavenly bamboo is easy to care for and drought tolerant, making it a low-maintenance option for busy homeowners.

When planting nandina heavenly bamboo, it is important to choose a location that receives full sun or partial shade.

The soil should be well-draining, as nandina Heavenly bamboo is not tolerant of wet or soggy conditions. Once you have selected a suitable location, dig a hole that is twice the width of the root ball and just as deep.

Gently remove the plant from its container and loosen any compacted roots before planting. Be sure to plant nandina Heavenly bamboo at the same depth that it was growing in its container.

Once planted, water deeply and give the shrub time to adjust to its new home before fertilizing. With proper care, nandina heavenly bamboo will thrive for many years with little maintenance required.

Will firepower nandina grow in shade?

Firepower Nandina, an evergreen shrub, is a versatile plant that can grow in sun or shade. It is drought tolerant and does not need much fertilizer, making it a low-maintenance choice for the home gardener.

The plant gets its name from the red berries that appear in the fall and winter. Firepower Nandina is native to Japan and China, and has been introduced to North America and Europe.

In its native habitat, the plant grows in shady woodlands. However, it has been found to be adaptable to a range of growing conditions. In general, the plant will do best in full sun, but it can also tolerate partial shade.

Be aware that the color of its foliage and flowers may be diminished in shady conditions.

In Zone 9, afternoon shade may be beneficial to prevent leaf scorch. With proper care, Firepower Nandina will grow to be 2-3 feet tall and wide.

Jessica Miles

Jessica Miles is a writer for Botanique Boutique, a plant and gardening blog. She has always loved plants, flowers, and anything green. When she was younger, she used to watch her grandfather garden and would be in awe of the beautiful flowers he would grow. Now Jessica writes about all things related to plants and gardening - from beginner tips on how to start growing your own plants, to in-depth guides on caring for a specific type of flower or plant. She loves helping others learn about this fascinating hobby, and hopes that her writing will inspire people to get outside and enjoy nature!

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