Greek Valerian: A Delicate Perennial with Stunning Blooms

Greek Valerian

If you’re looking for an attractive perennial to plant in a shaded area, look no further than Greek valerian.

This delicate plant produces stunning blooms in late spring or early summer, and its foliage is light green and arranged in pretty rings.

There are many different cultivars of Greek valerian available, with flowers in shades of lavender, purple, white, pink, and yellow. This species is also a great choice for attracting pollinators.

Botanical Name Polemonium caeruleum
Common Name Greek valerian
Plant Type Herbaceous perennial flower
Mature Size 12 to 24 in. tall; 12- to 24-in. spread
Sun Exposure Part shade to full shade
Soil Type Rich, well-drained
Soil pH 6.2 to 7.0 (acidic to neutral)
Bloom Time Spring, summer
Flower Color Mostly blue and purple; white, pink, and yellow cultivars also available
Hardiness Zones 4 to 9 (USDA)
Native Areas Northern Asia, Europe; has naturalized in Eastern North America

Tips for Keeping Your Plants Healthy

  • To ensure that your Greek valerian plants remain healthy, it’s important to provide them with the right growing conditions. These include:
  • Planting in rich, well-drained soil: Greek valerian needs soil that is nutrient-rich and drains well. If your soil is heavy or compacted, amend it with organic matter before planting.
  • Giving them enough sun: While Greek valerian prefers partial shade, it will tolerate full shade. However, if you live in an area with hot summers, some sun is necessary to prevent the leaves from scorching.
  • Watering regularly: Water your plants deeply and regularly during the growing season.

Lighting and Temperature

Greek valerian grows best in partial shade, but can tolerate full shade. It prefers cool weather and does not do well in hot climates.


Greek valerian needs rich, well-drained soil. If your soil is heavy or compacted, amend it with organic matter before planting.


Fertilize your plants with a balanced fertilizer once a month during the growing season.


Pruning is not necessary, but you can trim back the plant after it blooms to encourage new growth.


Water your plants deeply and regularly during the growing season. Greek valerian is a delicate plant, so be careful not to overwater it.


Greek valerian typically grows to be 12 to 24 inches tall and wide.


Greek valerian produces delicate bell-shaped flowers in a variety of colors, including purple, blue, pink, and white. The flowers are borne on long stems and appear in the spring or summer.

Common Pests & Diseases

Browning leaves are one of the most common problems that arise with Greek Valerian plants. There are several reasons why leaves may start to brown, but the most frequent issues are dehydration and sunburn.

These can both be easily remedied by taking some simple precautions. First, make sure that the plant is getting enough water.

Greek Valerians are particularly susceptible to drought stress, so it is important to water them regularly.

Second, make sure that the plant is not getting too much sun. If possible, provide some afternoon shade to prevent leaves from getting sunburned.

By taking these simple steps, you can help prevent browning leaves and keep your Greek Valerian in good health.

Propagating Greek Valerian

Greek valerian is a vigorous and fast-spreading plant, so Gardeners must perform regular division to keep it healthy. The best time of year to divide Greek valerian is in the spring.

To divide the plant, first dig up the clump and then carefully break the roots into sections. You may need to use a spade to cut through the mass of roots.

Once divided, replant each section in an area where it will have room to spread. Water just enough to moisten the soil after planting.

By dividing Greek valerian every three to four years, you will ensure that it remains healthy and vigorous for many years to come.

Types of Greek Valerian

When it comes to choosing the right plants for your garden, there are a few things to keep in mind.

First, consider the climate in your area and choose plants that will thrive in that environment.

Second, think about the amount of sunlight and water your garden gets. And finally, choose plants that will add interest and variety to your garden.

If you’re looking for a plant that ticks all of those boxes, then you can’t go wrong with Greek valerian. These hardy plants are native to Greece and thrive in warm, sunny climates.

They Also tolerate drought conditions and require very little maintenance. Best of all, they come in a variety of colors and sizes, so you’re sure to find one that’s perfect for your garden.

Where is the best place to grow valerian?

Valerian is a cherished cottage garden plant that has been used for centuries for its fragrant white or pinkish-white flowers.

The herbaceous perennial, which typically grows to between one and 1.5m tall, flourishes in moist soil in partial shade or full shade – making it an ideal candidate for planting on the edge of a streamside or pond, or in an informal wild garden.

While it can be planted as a border in a cottage garden, valerian is best placed towards the middle or back of an area so that its flower stems have room to grow. Given the right conditions, valerian will reward you with a long flowering period from late spring through to autumn.

Does valerian plant spread?

Valerian is a beautiful, fragrant plant that many people enjoy growing in their gardens. While it is not considered an invasive species, it can spread quickly if left unchecked.

A mature plant can produce up to 50 – 100 seeds each year, which can easily be dispersed by wind or animals. If you are growing valerian in areas where you do not want it to spread, it is important to keep an eye on it and remove any unwanted seedlings promptly.

With a little effort, you can enjoy this beautiful plant without fear of it taking over your garden!

Is Jacobs ladder a shade plant?

Many gardeners enjoy growing Jacob’s Ladder (Polemonium caeruleum) for its beautiful foliage and flowers. The compound leaves of this shade-loving plant are delicate and come in a variety of colors, including green, bronze, and burgundy.

In spring, Jacob’s Ladder produces small blue or lavender flowers that are a beautiful contrast to the foliage.

The flowers only bloom for a few weeks, but the foliage of Jacob’s Ladder remains attractive throughout the growing season. With proper care, this plant can thrive in shady areas of the garden for many years.

Is common valerian invasive?

Common valerian (Valeriana officinalis) is a flowering plant that is native to Europe and Asia. However, it has also been introduced to North America, where it is now considered to be an invasive species.

Common valerian is tolerant of a wide range of environmental conditions, including dry and wet conditions. It typically grows in disturbed areas, such as roadsides and vacant lots.

Once established, common valerian can spread rapidly, crowding out native plants. In addition, the roots of common valerian can release chemicals that inhibit the growth of other plants.

As a result, common valerian can have a negative impact on native ecosystems. If you see common valerian growing in your area, it is important to remove it before it has a chance to spread.

Is Jacob’s ladder a perennial?

The leaves of Jacob’s ladder are compound in shape, and the plant gets its name from a ladder portrayed in a dream of the biblical Jacob. Jacob’s ladder is an herbaceous perennial, which means that it is a wildflower that blooms in spring.

The flowering stems of Jacob’s ladder are low to the ground, but they also tend to drop to the side, creating a sprawling shape. Despite its somewhat unkempt appearance, Jacob’s ladder is a beautiful plant, with small blue or white flowers that climb up the stem.

If you are looking for a plant to add color and interest to your garden, Jacob’s ladder is a good option. And because it is a perennial, you can enjoy its beauty year after year.

Does Jacob’s ladder plant spread?

The Polemonium caeruleum, more commonly known as Jacob’s ladder plant, is a beautiful flowering plant that is native to Europe and Asia. It has blue or violet flowers that bloom in the spring and summer months.

The plant gets its name from the Greek myth of Jacob’s ladder, in which Jacob dreams of a ladder reaching to heaven.

The steps on the ladder are said to represent the rungs on a Stairs, leading up to God. Interestingly, the Jacob’s ladder plant was once thought to have medicinal properties and was used to treat various illnesses such as gout and fever.

Today, the Jacob’s ladder plant is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant and is frequently used in gardens and landscaping. As for whether or not the Jacob’s ladder plant spreads, it is actually quite difficult to propagate.

This is due to the fact that the plant produces very few seeds. Additionally, the seeds that are produced often do not germinate. Thus, while it is possible for the Jacob’s ladder plant to spread, it is not particularly easy to do so.

Can I grow my own valerian root?

Valerian is a flowering plant that has many uses. The roots of the plant are often dried and used as a herbal remedy to help with sleep or anxiety.

The plant is also popular with bees and other pollinators, making it a valuable addition to any garden. While valerian can be purchased from most health food stores, it is also relatively easy to grow at home.

Valerian prefers moist soil and full sun or partial shade. It also does well at the edge of a stream or pond. With a little care, valerian can be a beautiful and versatile addition to any garden.

Where should I plant Jacob’s Ladder?

When deciding where to plant your Jacob’s Ladder, it is important to consider the plant’s needs. Jacob’s Ladder prefers a shaded to semi-shady area, and its leaves are prone to burn when exposed to direct sunlight or heat.

The plant also thrives best in soils with a high organic content, and prefers moist conditions but not too wet. With these needs in mind, a good option for planting Jacob’s Ladder would be in an area that receives dappled sunlight throughout the day and has rich, moist soil.

If you are unsure whether your chosen spot meets all of the plant’s requirements, it is always best to err on the side of caution and choose a more shady location.

With a little care, your Jacob’s Ladder will thrive and provide you with beautiful blooms for many years to come.

How do you propagate valerian?

Valerian is a beautiful, full-bodied plant that thrive in open moist soils. You can propagate valerian through division, seed cuttings or division.

After flowering, in the summer, cut the flower stems in order to prevent self-seeding then cut back the entire growth once it dies back in the fall.

You can also take divisions from the plant in early spring as it starts to grow. Take seed cuttings from midsummer to early autumn when the plant is in full flower.

The easiest way to propagate valerian is by division because you have a higher success rate and can produce more plants faster than with seedlings.

When propagating valerian by division make sure to replant immediately and keep moist until established. It’s best to take softwood or semi-ripe cuttings from June to August when valerian is actively growing.

Cut just below a leaf node using a sharp knife making sure there are 2-3 leaves on each cutting.

Plant the cutting in moist prepared soil and water well. Keep the cutting in partial shade and out of direct sunlight until it’s rooted then transplant to its permanent spot.

Water regularly and fertilize monthly. You should see new growth within 8 weeks. Once the plant has rooted itself you can transplant it into its permanent home base.

Valerian is an easy plant to propagate and will provide you with an abundance of fresh blooms for many seasons to come!

Jessica Miles

Jessica Miles is a writer for Botanique Boutique, a plant and gardening blog. She has always loved plants, flowers, and anything green. When she was younger, she used to watch her grandfather garden and would be in awe of the beautiful flowers he would grow. Now Jessica writes about all things related to plants and gardening - from beginner tips on how to start growing your own plants, to in-depth guides on caring for a specific type of flower or plant. She loves helping others learn about this fascinating hobby, and hopes that her writing will inspire people to get outside and enjoy nature!

Recent Posts