How to Plant and Grow Golden Bamboo: The Perfect ornamental grass for Your Garden

Looking to add some ornamental interest to your garden? Golden bamboo (Phyllostachys aurea) may be the perfect plant for you!

This perennial running bamboo grows quickly, reaching a height of more than 20 feet. It is popular for its stunning green leaves and yellow-green tortoiseshell design on the lower cane.

Golden bamboo is easy to grow and can be established in a couple of years.

Botanical Name Phyllostachys aurea
Common Name Golden bamboo, fishpole bamboo, fairyland bamboo
Plant Type Herbaceous perennial
Mature Size 12-20 ft. tall, 12-25 ft. wide (clumps of canes), 1-2 in. thick (individual canes)
Sun Exposure Full sun, partial shade
Soil Type Moist but well-drained
Soil pH Neutral to acidic
Bloom Time Rarely flowers
Flower Color Rarely flowers
Hardiness Zones 6-10 (USDA)
Native Area Asia

Tips for Keeping Your Plants Healthy:

  • To ensure that your golden bamboo plants remain healthy, it is important to fertilize them regularly. You can use any type of fertilizer, but make sure it is one that is specifically designed for bamboo plants.
  • Fertilizing should be done every two weeks during the growing season, and then monthly during the winter months. It is also important to water your plants regularly.
  • They should be watered deeply and allowed to dry out somewhat between watering. This will help to prevent root rot, which can be a problem with bamboo plants.
  • Golden bamboo does not like wet feet, so make sure the soil around your plants drains well.If you live in an area where the winters are cold, you will need to take some precautions to

Lighting and Temperature

Golden bamboo grows best in full sun to partial shade. However, it will tolerate partial shade and still grow quite well.

If you live in an area with very hot summers, it is best to provide some afternoon shade for your plants.

As far as temperature goes, golden bamboo can handle cold weather down to about -15 degrees Fahrenheit. If you live in an area where the winters are colder than that, you will need to take steps to protect your plants from the cold weather.

This can be done by mulching heavily around the base of the plant or by covering it with a tarp or burlap during the winter months.


Soil , Planting, and Care

Golden bamboo grows best in full sun to partial shade and moist, well-drained soil.

If you’re planting more than one bamboo, space them about five feet apart. You can plant golden bamboo in either spring or fall.

When you’re ready to plant, dig a hole that’s twice as wide as the container your bamboo is currently growing in.

Gently remove the plant from its pot and loosen any roots that are circling the inside of the container.

Place the plant in the hole so that the top of the root ball is level with the surrounding soil surface. Backfill with soil and water deeply.


Golden bamboo is a fast-growing plant, so it will need a fertilizer that can keep up with its growth. Look for a fertilizer with a high nitrogen content.

You can apply the fertilizer in spring and summer, following the manufacturer’s instructions.


Pruning is an important part of keeping your golden bamboo healthy and attractive. You’ll want to remove any dead or dying leaves, as well as any that are yellowing or browning.

You can also trim back the tips of the stems to encourage new growth.

Pruning is best done in late winter or early spring, before new growth begins. However, you can prune at any time if necessary.

Just be sure to use sharp, clean pruning shears to avoid damaging the stems.


Water golden bamboo regularly during the first growing season to help establish a deep, extensive root system.

After that, it is quite drought tolerant. However, during periods of extended drought, you may need to supplement natural rainfall with irrigation.


Golden bamboo is a running bamboo, which means it can spread aggressively if not properly managed. To prevent this, golden bamboo should be planted in a containment system like a rhizome barrier.

This will help to keep the roots and shoots contained so that the plant doesn’t take over your garden.

When planting, space each culm (the main stem of the plant) about 18-24 inches apart. This will give each plant room to grow without crowding out its neighbors.

As the plants mature and fill in, they will form an impenetrable wall of green that provides privacy and noise reduction.


Flowering golden bamboo (Phyllostachys aurea) is a perennial running bamboo also known as fish-pole or bamboo.

Growing quickly and reaching a height of more than 20 feet It’s a popular choice for adding stunning ornamental interest, as well as creating an attractive natural privacy fence or noise-proofing.

Common Pests & Diseases

The golden bamboo is a hardy plant that can provide years of beauty to any garden. However, like all plants, it is susceptible to a few pests and diseases. One of the most serious issues with golden bamboo is root rot.

Root rot may begin at the plant’s base or within the cane and eventually kill the plant. Sooty mould is a different problem for bamboo that is caused by mealybugs, aphids, and scale on the bamboo.

Sooty mold creates a black coating on the leaves of the bamboo, which can block out sunlight and prevent the plant from photosynthesizing properly.

The best way to avoid disease is to leave some space between the bamboo plants to allow for air circulation and to keep the plants watered at the base rather than within the thick foliage.

By taking these simple precautions, gardeners can enjoy their golden bamboo for many years to come.

Potting and Repotting Golden Bamboo

Propagating golden bamboo is best accomplished by division or by using base cane stems. When new growth appears in the spring, this is the best time to propagate.

The cuttings or divisions should be kept moist during their establishment period. Bamboo trees should be planted at least three feet apart to allow for root spread and future growth.

Bamboo plants may take several years to establish themselves in your garden, and it is critical to keep them well-watered during this time.

Propagating Golden Bamboo

As any gardener knows, bamboo is a versatile and durable plant that can add beauty and interest to any landscape. However, bamboo can also be difficult to control, and it is important to trim and prune it on a regular basis to prevent it from taking over.

Golden bamboo is a particularly vigorous variety, and it can spread rapidly if left unchecked. For this reason, it is important to trim golden bamboo on a regular basis.

The best time to do this is during the plant’s growth period, when new shoots are emerging. Remove any stems that are dead, damaged, or not performing well. You should also remove any leaves that are closer to the bottom of the cane in order to highlight the tortoiseshell design.

With patience and perseverance, you can eventually control the spread of golden bamboo by regularly trimming and pruning it.

What type of bamboo is invasive?

Phyllostachys aurea, also known as golden bamboo, is a species of bamboo that is native to China. However, it has been introduced to many other countries and has become an invasive species in some areas.

Golden bamboo grows rapidly and can quickly spread through an area, displacing native plants. It is also very difficult to control once it becomes established, as its rooting system can extend up to 6 feet underground.

As a result, golden bamboo can quickly take over a garden or yard if it is not kept in check. If you are considering planting bamboo in your home, be sure to choose a non-invasive variety such as Phyllostachys nuda or Fargesia murieliae.

Which bamboo does not spread?

Bamboo is a versatile plant that can be used for everything from building material to culinary purposes. However, not all bamboo is created equal. Some species of bamboo are known for their aggressive spreading habits, while others are more well-behaved.

Clumping bamboos are the latter type, and they are much better suited for cultivation in gardens and other small spaces. Unlike running bamboos, clumping bamboos do not send out underground runners that spread rapidly and uncontrollably.

As a result, they are much easier to manage and will not quickly overrun your garden. If you’re looking for a bamboo that won’t take over your yard, opt for a clumping variety.

Do all bamboo plants spread?

Bamboo is a fast-growing plant that can quickly take over nearby plants. However, it isn’t an issue that is serious because, unlike many invasive plants bamboo isn’t usually spread via seeds. It’s not every kind of bamboo that can spread wide and far however.

There are two types of bamboo of bamboo: clumping, as well as running. Clumping bamboo grows in dense clusters and doesn’t typically spread beyond its original planting area.

Running bamboo, on the other hand, can rapidly spread through underground rhizomes, making it more likely to invade other areas of the garden.

Although both types of bamboo are capable of spreading, running bamboo is more likely to become a problem if it isn’t kept in check.

How do I make sure bamboo doesn’t spread?

On the surface, bamboo may seem like a harmless plant. But for those who have witnessed its rapid growth and spreading tendencies, bamboo can be quite a nuisance.

If left unchecked, bamboo can quickly overwhelm a garden or lawn, crowding out other plants and causing property damage. So how can you make sure that bamboo doesn’t spread? The most effective way is to physically contain it with a barrier.

The best barriers are made from vertical 30-40 mil polyethylene sheets, installed 22-30 inches high. This will prevent the bamboo’s roots from spreading and allow you to enjoy this beautiful plant without fear of it taking over your yard.

Will non invasive bamboo spread?

There are two main types of bamboo: running and clumping. Running bamboo is more likely to spread and invade other areas, while clumping bamboo is more contained and less invasive.

However, both types of bamboo can spread if the conditions are right. Clumping bamboo is more likely to stay put if it is regularly trimmed and the roots are kept healthy and strong.

Running bamboo is more difficult to control, but it can be done with regular maintenance and by using barriers to prevent the roots from spreading. Ultimately, whether or not bamboo will spread depends on the type of bamboo and the conditions in which it is growing.

How do I stop my neighbors bamboo from invading my yard?

If you’re lucky enough to have bamboo growing in your yard, you know that it can be both a blessing and a curse. On the one hand, bamboo is an impressive material that can be used for everything from fencing to construction.

On the other hand, bamboo is very difficult to control, and it can easily spread beyond the boundaries of your property. If you’re dealing with a bamboo invasion from your neighbors, there are a few things you can do to try to contain the problem.

One option is to install a barrier – either a fabric fence or a concrete wall – around the perimeter of your property. This will help to prevent new bamboo shoots from coming up in your yard.

Another option is to dig a trench around the affected area, filling it with gravel or small pebbles. This will make it harder for the roots to spread and will eventually discourage the bamboo from growing in that area.

Whatever course of action you choose, it’s important to be patient and consistent – bamboo is a very resilient plant, and it will take time and effort to get it under control.

How wide does clumping bamboo get?

When it comes to bamboo, there are two main types: clumping and running. Clumping bamboo is the type that most people think of when they imagine a traditional “bamboo forest”.

These plants can grow to be quite tall, often reaching up to 20 feet in height, but they are typically much narrower, with a mature clump typically only being 3-4 feet wide.

Running bamboo, on the other hand, is a more aggressive type of plant that can spread rapidly, often taking over an entire garden if left unchecked. So, how wide does clumping bamboo get? Generally speaking, a mature clump will be 3-4 feet wide, but some varieties can spread up to 15-20 feet.

Is golden bamboo invasive?

Golden bamboo is an invasive species. It was first introduced into North America over a century ago and is offered for sale as a rapidly growing ornamental plant.

Golden bamboo has spread aggressively, often forming dense thickets that crowd out native plants and change the structure of natural habitats. Golden bamboo is also difficult to control once it becomes established, as it can easily spread from small fragments that are left behind after trimming or mowing.

As a result, many states have placed restrictions on the sale and transport of this species. Although golden bamboo can be beautiful in a garden setting, its tendency to spread quickly and displace native plants makes it unsuitable for many landscapes.

Does clumping bamboo really not spread?

Bamboo is a beloved plant by many because of its versatility. It can be used for a privacy screen, as erosion control, or simply as decoration. One of the appeals of bamboo is that it is not supposed to spread aggressively like other plants.

Clumping bamboo is a type of bamboo that grows in groups or clumps. This means that the root system is contained, and the bamboo will not spread out beyond the clump.

Unfortunately, while this may be true in theory, clumping bamboo can be difficult to control in practice. If a clump is not well-maintained, it can start to spread beyond its original boundaries.

This is especially true if the plant is located in an area with loose soil. As a result, those who choose to plant clumping bamboo should be prepared to put in some extra effort to keep it contained.

Jessica Miles

Jessica Miles is a writer for Botanique Boutique, a plant and gardening blog. She has always loved plants, flowers, and anything green. When she was younger, she used to watch her grandfather garden and would be in awe of the beautiful flowers he would grow. Now Jessica writes about all things related to plants and gardening - from beginner tips on how to start growing your own plants, to in-depth guides on caring for a specific type of flower or plant. She loves helping others learn about this fascinating hobby, and hopes that her writing will inspire people to get outside and enjoy nature!

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