How to Grow Garlic

Do you love garlic? If so, you’re in luck! This blog post is all about how to harvest garlic.

Garlic is a delicious and nutritious bulbous plant that has been grown for thousands of years.

It’s a great addition to any diet, and it’s also good for your health!

In this post, we will discuss the best time to harvest garlic, how to harvest it properly, and some of the benefits of eating this amazing vegetable!

Common Name Garlic
Botanical Name Allium sativum
Family Amaryllidaceae
Plant Type Bulb, vegetable
Size 12 to 18 in. tall, 6 to 12 in. wide
Sun Exposure Full sun
Soil Type Moist, well-drained
Soil pH Slightly acidic to neutral (6.0 to 7.0)
Bloom Time Spring
Hardiness Zones 4-9 (USDA)
Native Area Asia
Toxicity Toxic to animals

Tips for Keeping Your Plants Healthy:

Harvest garlic in the autumn, about a month before the first freeze.

Be sure to water your plants regularly and deeply.

Fertilize your plants every few weeks with a high-quality organic fertilizer.

Mulch around your plants to help retain moisture and keep weeds at bay.

If you follow these simple tips, you should have no problem harvesting a bumper crop of garlic each year!

After deciding when to harvest, the next step is actually getting the garlic out of the ground.

This can be done by carefully digging around the plant with a spade or trowel, being careful not to damage the cloves.

Lighting and Temperature

Garlic prefers full sun but will also do well in partial shade. If you live in an area with very hot summers, some afternoon shade is appreciated.

Garlic bulbs are sensitive to freezing temperatures, so it’s important to select a planting site that won’t be exposed to frost or cold winds.


Type will also impact when you need to harvest your garlic. If you have sandy soil, for example, your garlic may mature a little bit faster than if you had clay soil.

The date of the first frost in your area is also a key factor in deciding when to harvest garlic. You’ll want to make sure you harvest your garlic before the frost hits, as this can damage the cloves.

To know for sure when your garlic is ready to be harvested, you’ll need to do a bit of investigation. Start by feeling around the bulb – if it’s firm and dry to the touch, it’s probably ready to be pulled from the ground.


When to fertilize garlic depends on the type of fertilizer you use. If you’re using a granular fertilizer, you should apply it in early spring, before the cloves start to sprout.

If you’re using a liquid fertilizer, on the other hand, you can apply it throughout the growing season – just make sure you don’t use it too close to harvest time, as this can impact the flavor of your garlic.

Garlic is relatively resistant to pests and diseases, but there are a few things that can affect it. One of the most common problems is root rot, which can be caused by overwatering or planting in poorly-drained soil.


The garlic plant is important to prevent the spread of diseases. Cut off any yellow or brown leaves and remove any dead or dying cloves.

Inspect the bulbs for signs of rot, such as mold or mildew. If you find any affected bulbs, discard them immediately.

To harvest garlic, begin by loosening the soil around the plants with a spade or hoe. Gently lift the bulbs from the ground, taking care not to damage them.

Hang the garlic in a cool, dry place out of direct sunlight for two to three weeks to allow the skins to toughen up. Once they’re cured, trim off the roots and store your garlic in a cool, dark place for up to six months.


Water your garlic regularly, especially during dry spells. Too little water will cause the bulbs to split.


Size and color are two important factors to consider when harvesting garlic. The bulb should be at least one and a half inches in diameter, and the skin should be white or cream-colored. If the garlic is still green, it is not ready to harvest.

To harvest garlic, start by loosening the soil around the plant with a spade or hoe. Then, carefully lift the entire plant out of the ground.

Hang the plants upside down in a cool, dry place for two to three weeks so that the cloves can cure properly.

Once cured, trim off the roots and any remaining dirt from the bulbs.


Garlic is a telltale sign that the bulbs are mature and ready to harvest. Cut the garlic scapes (the flowering stem) about an inch above the bulb. You can use these tender greens in pesto or other recipes.

If you let the garlic scapes grow too long, they’ll become tough and inedible.

To harvest the bulbs, loosen the soil around each plant with a spading fork, being careful not to damage the cloves.

Lift the entire plant from the ground, shake off any excess dirt, and trim away any roots still attached.

Common Pests and Plant Diseases

Garlic, despite being a tough plant, needs to contend with a few insects and diseases during its existence.

Nematodes have long been a problem with garlic. 1 While reproducing, these small worms dwell within the garlic plant and consume it.

Nematodes do not require water to survive and can live in soil for years. Nematode infections can persist for a long time without causing any harm before attacking and destroying the entire crop.

To prevent nematodes from infesting your garden, nurture clean plants, examine the growing plants frequently, and remove any plants that appear to be unhealthy.

Thrips on onions Onion thrips have also been shown to be a concern for garlic. 2 Thrips have rasping sucking mouth parts.

They first injure the leaves before taking over the plant’s leaking fluid. If the leaves are damaged, the garlic plant will wither and die.

To prevent the spread of thrips, keep the areas free of wet, moist mulch, which provides breeding grounds, and catch the pests with sticky traps.

One of the most significant diseases that garlic can suffer from is white rot, which normally appears in the middle of the season.

3 It infects the plant, turning the leaves yellow and causing the plants to die, wilt, and then re-emerge.

When the diseased plants’ roots begin to decay, they are easily uprooted. Make sure to choose disease-free cloves because white rot can take years to completely eradicate a plant once afflicted.

Propagating Garlic

Nothing is easier to cultivate than garlic. Simply save some high-quality bulbs and plant them in the ground or in a pot for the following season.

The bulbs can be stored at room temperature with an average humidity of 70 for future planting.

Types of Garlic

Garlic varietals are separated into two categories: hardneck and softneck. Softneck cultivars thrive in hot regions, while hardneck variants are preferred by northern cultivators.

Softneck garlic stores and transports better than hardneck garlic, has a stronger flavour, and yields larger cloves.

If you like a milder garlic flavor, try an elephant clove, which is more closely related to leeks than to true garlic.

Can I grow garlic from a clove?

Garlic is a florescent and ancient vegetable that has been used in cooking for centuries. It is easy-to-grow and takes up minimal space in your garden. Garlic develops from small cloves cut from a bulb.

Each clove multiplies in the soil, creating the new bulb, which is made up of five to ten cloves. Garlic can be planted in the spring or fall and will take approximately six to eight weeks to mature.

Once the garlic bulbs are ready to harvest, they should be dried in a cool, dark place before being stored in a paper bag or garlic braid.

With proper care, a single garlic clove can yield an entire bulb of garlic, making it an excellent choice for both home gardens and commercial agriculture.

Here are a few tips on how to grow garlic from a clove:

To plant garlic, start by finding an area in your garden that receives full sun and has well-drained soil.
Loosen the soil with a shovel or tiller to a depth of about eight inches. If the soil is too compacted, the garlic cloves will not be able to penetrate it and form new bulbs.

Next, separate the cloves from the bulb being careful not to damage them. Each clove should be planted two to four inches deep and four to six inches apart.

After planting, water the cloves thoroughly so that the soil is moist but not soggy.

How long does it take for a garlic bulb to sprout?

Growing garlic is a simple and rewarding process, whether you’re looking to add some flavor to your cooking or wanting to add some interesting plants to your garden.

One question that many people have when they’re first starting out is how long it takes for a garlic bulb to sprout.

The answer is 4-8 weeks. Once you’ve planted your garlic cloves, simply wait patiently and keep the soil moist.

After a few weeks, you should start to see small green shoots emerging from the soil. These will eventually turn into full-fledged garlic plants. With a little care and attention, you’ll be able to enjoy fresh garlic bulbs in no time.

Can you plant cloves from the grocery store?

If you’re planning to plant garlic in your garden this year, you may be wondering if you can use the cloves from the grocery store.

The answer is yes, you can plant garlic from the grocery store, but there are a few things to keep in mind.

First, make sure that the cloves are fresh and have not been treated with any chemicals. Second, separate the bulb into small cloves before planting.

Third, plant the cloves with the pointed end up and space them about three inches apart. With a little care, your garlic will thrive and produce a delicious crop of bulbs.

How do I grow garlic at home?

Growing garlic at home is easy and can provide you with a never-ending supply of this versatile herb. To get started, you will need to purchase some garlic cloves from your local grocery store or farmers market.

Garlic cloves can be planted in the spring or fall, so long as the ground is not frozen. Choose a sunny spot in your garden, and loosen the soil to a depth of about 6 inches.

Plant the cloves 4-6 inches apart, and be sure to plant them root side down. After planting, water the area well and Mulch with straw or leaves to help retain moisture.

You should see garlic shoots emerging within a few weeks.

Allow the garlic to grow undisturbed until the leaves begin to turn brown in late summer. At this point, you can begin to harvest your garlic by gently twisting it out of the ground.

Hang the garlic in a cool, dark place to cure for 2-3 weeks before trimming the roots and storing in a cool, dry place.

Can you grow garlic from store bought cloves?

You can, in fact, grow garlic from the supermarket. Store-bought garlic bulbs are able to be used to produce garlic. Growing garlic at the store is a great method of getting fresh bulbs, particularly when you already have one in your pantry that is already beginning to develop.

Most of the cloves will germinate and form new plants if you plant them about 2 inches deep in moist soil in the fall.

You should space the cloves about 6 inches apart so they have room to grow. Water regularly and mulch around the plants to help retain moisture.

In late spring or early summer, when the leaves turn yellow and begin to fall over, stop watering as much so the bulbs can mature.

Once the tops have completely died back, dig up the bulbs and allow them to cure in a cool, dry place for a few weeks before storing them in a paper bag in a cool, dark place.

Can I plant store bought garlic that has sprouted?

Most people don’t realize that the garlic they purchase from the supermarket can be used to grow their own plants.

While it’s often easier and more reliable to buy cloves from a nursery, it’s also possible to grow garlic from store-bought bulbs.

The cloves will sprout regardless of whether they are planted with the sprout facing up or down. However, it’s generally best to plant them with the sprout pointing up, as this will encourage root growth.

Additionally, it’s important to plant the cloves in well-drained soil and to water them regularly. With a little love and care, your store-bought garlic bulbs will soon turn into healthy plants.

Can you grow garlic from a head of garlic?

Many people enjoy the taste of garlic, but did you know that it is also relatively easy to grow? One way to get started is by planting cloves from a head of garlic.

First, break the head into smaller cloves, being careful to leave most of the paper-like covering intact. Next, plant the cloves three to four inches deep in the soil, with the pointed ends facing upwards.

Once they are in place, water them gently to settle the soil. Finally, lay down a layer of straw four to six inches thick. This will help protect the garlic from extremes of temperature and will also hold in moisture.

With a little care, you can soon be enjoying your own homegrown garlic.

How long does it take for a garlic clove to grow into a garlic bulb?

Garlic is typically planted in the fall, and it takes between 8 and 9 months for the cloves to mature into bulbs.

This means that garlic growers have to be patient! However, the wait is worth it, as garlic is not only delicious but also provides many health benefits.

For example, garlic has been shown to boost immunity and fight against bacteria and viruses.

So the next time you chop up a clove of garlic for your dinner, take a moment to appreciate all the hard work that went into making that bulb!

Jessica Miles

Jessica Miles is a writer for Botanique Boutique, a plant and gardening blog. She has always loved plants, flowers, and anything green. When she was younger, she used to watch her grandfather garden and would be in awe of the beautiful flowers he would grow. Now Jessica writes about all things related to plants and gardening - from beginner tips on how to start growing your own plants, to in-depth guides on caring for a specific type of flower or plant. She loves helping others learn about this fascinating hobby, and hopes that her writing will inspire people to get outside and enjoy nature!

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