Chrysanthemums: The Fall Season’s Symbol

Chrysanthemums, with their vibrant, jewel-toned blooms, are the fall season’s symbol. To entice gardeners to purchase the last bloomers of the season, they are usually sold in full bloom.

Although it’s great to be able to see the color immediately and even better to know exactly what color it is, purchasing fully bloomed flowers may indicate that they’ve passed their peak and have already begun to decline.

This is fine if all you want is a temporary ornament, but not if you want a long-lasting evergreen plant. Plant them in the spring so they can establish themselves and bloom for many years!

Botanical Name Chrysanthemum morifolium
Common Name Chrysanthemum, mums, hardy mums
Plant Type Herbaceous perennials
Mature Size Two to three feet tall
Sun Exposure Full sun
Soil Type Rich and moist
Soil pH Slightly acidic to neutral
Bloom Time Late summer and fall
Flower Color Gold, white, off-white, yellow, bronze (rust), red, burgundy, pink, lavender, and purple
Hardiness Zones 3 through 9
Native Area Asia and northeastern Europe
Toxicity Toxic to pets

Tips for Keeping Your Plants Healthy

Although chrysanthemums are generally hearty plants, they can still succumb to disease and pests. These tips will help you keep your plants healthy:

  • Inspect your plants regularly for signs of pests or disease. If you see anything suspicious, isolate the affected plant and treat it immediately.
  • Keep an eye on the soil moisture level and make sure to water your plants regularly. Chrysanthemums prefer moist, well-drained soil.
  • Make sure to fertilize your plants regularly. A good fertilizer for chrysanthemums is one that is high in phosphorus, which will encourage blooming.

Lighting and Temperature

Chrysanthemums prefer bright sunlight, but they will also grow in partial shade. They should be planted in an area that receives at least six hours of sunlight each day.

The ideal temperature for chrysanthemums is between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. However, they can tolerate temperatures as low as 50 degrees Fahrenheit and as high as 95 degrees Fahrenheit.


Soil, water, and light are the three main ingredients for success when growing chrysanthemums.

Chrysanthemums need well-drained, fertile soil with a pH between six and seven. They also require about an inch of water per week, either from rainfall or irrigation.

Lastly, they need full sun to partial shade exposure for at least six hours per day.


To keep your mums looking their best, fertilize them every two weeks with a water-soluble fertilizer. Be sure to follow the directions on the package for how much to use.

Deadheading, or removing spent flowers, is important to keeping your mums looking good. Chrysanthemums produce flowers on new growth, so by deadheading you encourage the plant to produce more flowers.


Pruning chrysanthemums is essential to keeping the plant healthy and vibrant. Once the plant has flowered, cut the stem back to about six inches.

This will encourage new growth and prevent the plant from becoming leggy. Chrysanthemums also benefit from regular Deadheading, which is the process of removing spent blooms.


Watering is critical during the establishment year. Mums need at least an inch of water per week, either from rainfall or irrigation.

Apply mulch around the plants to help maintain moisture in the soil and control weeds. Fertilize mums monthly with a balanced fertilizer such as 20-20-20.


Size, shape, and color vary widely among chrysanthemum plants, so there’s definitely one (or more) to fit every gardener’s taste.

They can be found in shades of white, yellow, pink, purple, red, and even bi-colored blooms.


Flowering chrysanthemums, or “mums” as they are commonly called, are one of the most popular fall flowers.

Their vibrant, jewel-toned blooms make them a symbol of the fall season. Gardeners often purchase chrysanthemum plants that are already in full bloom so they can enjoy the color immediately.

Propagating Chrysanthemums

Mums can be propagated using a variety of techniques, but division is the simplest and most efficient method. Chrysanthemums should be divided every spring to revitalize the plants.

This is usually done in the spring, when flowers are at least 6 inches tall. Take care not to damage the roots when dividing, and replant them at a distance of at least 18 inches apart.

Mums can also be grown from seeds, but it is preferable to purchase seeds for propagation. This is because if you plant seeds from your own seeds (most are hybrids), the plant that grows may not be as true to the parent.

However, if you don’t mind a skewed result and are willing to take the risk, you can go ahead and plant your own seeds. Start seeds inside six to eight weeks before the last frost date in your area.

Sow the seeds thinly on the surface of moistened potting soil, and lightly press them onto the soil surface. Keep the soil moist but not wet, and provide bright light but no direct sun.

When seedlings are large enough to handle, transplant them into pots or outdoors.

Chrysanthemum Varieties

Just as there are many different types of flowers, there are also many different types of mums. Some common varieties include the “Ruby Mound,” the “Patriot,” and the “Tripoli.”

The Ruby Mound has large maroon red blooms that appear early in the season. The Patriot blooms from mid- to late-season with pure white pompom-shaped flowers.

The Tripoli blooms late in the season with daisy-like flowers that have bright pink and yellow centers. With so many different types of mums available, there is sure to be one that is perfect for any garden.

Where is the best place to plant a Chrysanthemum?

Though they are sun-loving flowers, chrysanthemums technically only require six hours of sunshine per day.

However, the more sunlight they get, the more they grow and bloom, as well as their hardiness. Light shade during hot summer afternoons is suitable in areas of warmer climate to avoid scorching.

When planting chrysanthemums, it is best to do so in the spring after all danger of frost has passed. They should be planted 18 to 24 inches apart in an area that receives full sunlight.

The soil should be moist but well-drained, and the plants should be given a good layer of mulch to help retain moisture. With proper care, chrysanthemums will provide months of beautiful blooms.

How do you grow chrysanthemum flowers?

Chrysanthemums are one of the most popular flowers in the world, and with good reason.

Their large, showy blooms come in a wide range of colors, making them a versatile choice for any garden.

Plus, they’re relatively easy to care for, provided you give them the right conditions. When it comes to light, chrysanthemums love sunlight.

Though they technically only require six hours of sunshine per day, the higher the sunlight they get, the greater their growth bloom, hardiness and flowering.

Light shade in hot summer afternoons is ideal in areas of warmer climate to avoid scorching.

With proper care, your chrysanthemums will thrive and provide you with beautiful blooms for many years to come.

When should you plant chrysanthemums?

Chrysanthemums (sometimes called mums) are one of the most popular fall flowers. With their vibrant colors and long-lasting blooms, they are a perfect way to add a touch of autumn to your garden.

But when is the best time to plant chrysanthemums? In most parts of the country, mid- to late summer is the ideal time to plant chrysanthemums.

This gives the plants plenty of time to establish themselves before the cooler weather sets in.

However, if you live in a warm climate, you may need to wait until early fall to plant your mums.

Whatever the case, it’s important to give your chrysanthemums plenty of time to grow before the first frost of the season. With a little care, they will provide your garden with color all the way into winter.

How do you grow chrysanthemums?

Chrysanthemums are a beloved fall flower, and with good reason – their showy blooms add a splash of color to any garden.

But while they may be beautiful, chrysanthemums can also be finicky plants. Here are some tips to help you grow healthy, vibrant chrysanthemums:

It is best to plant chrysanthemums in moist, well-drained soil, with compost or manure that has been well-rotted. They prefer a sun-filled, shaded area.

Stake spray chrysanthemums, and then ‘disbud’ (remove the side shoots from) single-blooming chrysanthemums. All chrysanthemums must be staked.

In autumn, lift them up then cut them back and keep them in an air-tight, dry place. This will help them to survive the winter months.

By following these simple tips, you can enjoy beautiful chrysanthemums for many seasons to come.

Will chrysanthemums come back year after year?

While many people believe mums (formally known as Chrysanthemums) are just a thorny perennial, much to the dismay of gardeners everywhere, that isn’t always the case.

With a bit of winter-time care for mums, however, these beautiful autumn beauties can be brought back year after year. To ensure your mums come back next season, start by cutting them back in the fall, once they’ve finished blooming.

This will help to encourage new growth in the spring. In addition, apply a layer of mulch around the plants to protect them from the cold weather. With a little bit of effort, you can enjoy chrysanthemums in your garden for years to come.

Is a chrysanthemum an indoor or outdoor plant?

Chrysanthemums, or “mums” as they are often called, are actually outdoor plants that have become extremely popular indoors in recent years. These beautiful flowers are second only to roses in terms of popularity, and are often given as gifts or used to decorate homes and offices.

Chrysanthemums belong to the Asteraceae Family, which includes over 20,000 different species of flowering plants.

While they are typically associated with the fall season, chrysanthemums can actually be found blooming year-round in many parts of the world.

Thanks to their wide array of colors and easy-to-care-for nature, chrysanthemums make an excellent addition to any indoor space.

How long do chrysanthemums take to grow?

Chrysanthemum seeds generally take between 16 and 18 weeks to bloom, when they are grown from seed. Many growers recommend starting seeds indoors before the last chance of frost has passed.

Small germination pots should be filled with sterile seed mix, and the seeds should be planted at a depth of around 1/4 inch. Once the seedlings have emerged, they can be transplanted into larger pots or outdoor beds.

With proper care, chrysanthemums should begin to bloom within 16-18 weeks.

However, it is worth noting that some varieties may take slightly longer to flower. Patience is key when growing chrysanthemums from seed, but the results are often well worth the wait.

Where is the best place to plant chrysanthemums?

As any gardener knows, choosing the right location for your plants is essential to their health and growth.

Chrysanthemums are no exception. These sun-loving flowers require at least six hours of sunlight each day in order to thrive. However, they will bloom and be more durable if they are placed in an area with full sun.

In warmer climates, a little afternoon shade may be necessary to prevent the flowers from scorching.

By taking into account the needs of the chrysanthemum, you can ensure that your plants will be healthy and beautiful for many seasons to come.

How do you take care of chrysanthemum plants?

Chrysanthemum plants are beautiful, flowering plants that come in many colors. They are easy to care for, but there are a few things you need to do to make sure they stay healthy. First, mums require a steady amount of moisture.

This means watering them regularly throughout the spring, summer, and autumn. After the ground has frozen during winter, you can delay watering until spring begins to warm the soil.

When you do water, it’s best to do it early in the morning and to water deeply (to a depth of 6-8 inches).

Second, chrysanthemums need full sun to partial shade. This means they should get at least six hours of sunlight each day. Third, mums need well-drained soil.

To ensure good drainage, mix in some organic matter (such as compost) when you plant them. Fourth, mums should be fertilized regularly. A general-purpose fertilizer will work fine. Just be sure to follow the directions on the package.

With a little care, your chrysanthemums will thrive and provide you with plenty of beautiful blooms year after year.

How often should I water my chrysanthemum plant?

One of the most important questions when it comes to taking care of a chrysanthemum plant is how often to water it. Keep in mind that it is essential to stop the plant from becoming too dry or from wilting after irrigation.

If the plant is not located in a hot and sunny area, and if the plant is well-watered daily, then once per day should be sufficient. When you water, be sure to pour water into the soil and not directly onto the flowering plants.

By watering the soil, you will ensure that the roots of the plant are getting the moisture they need. With proper watering, your chrysanthemum plant will thrive.

Jessica Miles

Jessica Miles is a writer for Botanique Boutique, a plant and gardening blog. She has always loved plants, flowers, and anything green. When she was younger, she used to watch her grandfather garden and would be in awe of the beautiful flowers he would grow. Now Jessica writes about all things related to plants and gardening - from beginner tips on how to start growing your own plants, to in-depth guides on caring for a specific type of flower or plant. She loves helping others learn about this fascinating hobby, and hopes that her writing will inspire people to get outside and enjoy nature!

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