Arrowwood Viburnum: A Beautiful North American Plant

Arrowwood Viburnum

The arrowwood viburnum is a North American plant that is prized for its beauty. It has glossy green leaves and white flowers that bloom in the spring.

The blue-black fruits that follow are also quite attractive. This plant grows at a medium rate and can be planted in the spring or early autumn.

Botanical Name Viburnum dentatum
Common Names Arrowwood viburnum, southern arrowwood, American arrowwood, roughish arrowwood
Plant Type  Shrub
Mature Size 6-10 ft. tall and wide
Sun Exposure Full, partial
Soil Type Loamy, moist, well-drained
Soil pH Acidic
Bloom Time Spring
Flower Color White
Hardiness Zones 2-8 (USDA)
Native Area North America

Tips for Keeping Your Plants Healthy:

  • When planting, be sure to dig a hole that is twice the size of the plant’s root ball.-Add compost or organic matter to the planting site.-Arrowwood viburnum prefers moist, well-drained soil. Water regularly during dry spells.
  • Fertilize in early spring with an all-purpose fertilizer. Follow package directions for application rate.
  • Pruning: Arrowwood viburnum can be pruned in late winter or early spring before new growth begins.
  • Cut back one third of the plant’s overall size to encourage new growth and maintain a compact shape. Remove any dead, diseased, or damaged branches first.

Lighting and Temperature

Arrowwood viburnum grows best in full sun to partial shade. It is tolerant of a wide range of temperatures, from hot and humid summers to cold winters.

Pests and Diseases: This plant is relatively disease-resistant. However, it can be susceptible to scale insects and leaf spots.


Arrowwood viburnum grows best in moist, well-drained soil. The plant is tolerant of a wide range of soils, from sandy to clay. However, it does not like wet or soggy soil.

If you have heavy clay soil, improve drainage by mixing in sand or organic matter.


Fertilize in early spring with an all-purpose fertilizer. Follow package directions for application rate.


Arrowwood viburnum can be pruned in late winter or early spring before new growth begins.

Cut back one third of the plant’s overall size to encourage new growth and maintain a compact shape. Remove any dead, diseased, or damaged branches first.


Arrowwood viburnum prefers moist, well-drained soil. Water regularly during dry spells.

The plant is drought-tolerant once it is established. However, it will produce more flowers and fruits if it is watered during dry periods.


Arrowwood viburnum grows to a height and width of about 15 feet.


The plant produces white flowers in early spring. The blue-black fruits appear after the blooms and are attractive to birds and other animals.

Common Pests/Diseases

The arrowwood viburnum is a popular ornamental shrub known for its showy flowers and berries. However, these plants are not immune to disease and pests.

The most serious problem they face is the viburnum leaf beetle (Pyrrhalta viburni). This insect feeds on the leaves of the plant, causing extensive damage.

If not treated, the beetle can kill the entire bush. Female beetles lay their eggs on the undersides of plant stems. If you notice dark spots on stems, cut them off and dispose of them immediately.

Organic pesticides should only be used in severe infestations because they can harm beneficial insects. By taking precautionary measures, you can help protect your arrowwood viburnum from this destructive pest.

Viburnum Varieties

Viburnum plants are a nice addition to any garden because they come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes.

The Burkwood viburnum, for example, can grow to be 8-10 feet tall and has beautiful glossy leaves and fragrant flowers. The Doublefile viburnum is another option which, while not quite as tall,has more beautiful flowers than the Burkwood and also repels beetles.

For those who want a plant that smells as good as it looks, the Korean Spice viburnum is perfect – it’s resistance to beetles is thanks to its delicious scent.

Finally, the Mapleleaf viburnum is an excellent choice for those looking for something a little different; its autumn foliage is pinkish in color and it can reach 4-6 feet in both height and width.

No matter what type of garden you have, there’s sure to be a viburnum plant that would be a perfect fit.

How do you care for an Arrowwood plant?

Arrowwood viburnum is a popular choice for landscaping because of its easy care requirements. This deciduous shrub prefers full sun or partial shade, and it thrives in well-drained loamy soil.

Water Arrowwood viburnum regularly during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. After that, this drought tolerant plant requires little supplemental watering, except during periods of extended drought.

Once established, Arrowwood viburnum is also relatively tolerant of salt, making it a good choice for seaside plantings. Fertilize Arrowwood viburnum in early spring with a balanced granular fertilizer to promote healthy growth.

This low-maintenance shrub can be pruned in late winter or early spring if necessary. With proper care, Arrowwood viburnum will thrive for many years with little attention.

Does arrowwood viburnum need full sun?

Arrowwood viburnum is a popular choice for landscaping because it is easy to care for and provides year-round interest.

This deciduous shrub is tolerant of both full sun and shade, making it easy to find a spot for it in your garden.

In terms of watering, arrowwood viburnum is drought-tolerant once established, so you won’t need to worry about giving it extra water during dry spells.

When it comes to fertilizer, this plant is not particularly fussy and will do well with a general-purpose fertilizer applied in early spring. With its attractive foliage and showy flowers, arrowwood viburnum is a great addition to any garden.

How far apart should you plant arrowwood viburnum?

The arrowwood viburnum is a shrub that can reach a height of about 15 feet. Plants should be spaced six feet apart within rows, and 16 feet in between rows for feedlot and farmstead windbreaks.

Arrowwood viburnums are native to North America, and they are commonly found in woodlands, along roadsides, and in other open habitats. The arrowwood viburnum has opposite, simple leaves that are 3-6 inches long and 2-4 inches wide.

The leaves are dark green above and pale green below, with a smooth or finely toothed margin. The arrowwood viburnum blooms in May or June, with small white flowers that grow in clusters.

The fruit is a drupe that turns black when ripe and is eaten by birds. Arrowwood viburnums are tolerant of a range of soil conditions and they are relatively pest and disease resistant.

These shrubs are low maintenance and they can be left to grow without pruning.

What month do you prune viburnum?

viburnum is a popular ornamental shrub that is known for its dense clusters of white or pink flowers. While this plant typically blooms in the spring, it can also produce flowers in the summer and fall.

Depending on the type of viburnum, it may be evergreen or deciduous. Rejuvenation pruning is a type of pruning that is done to promote new growth and revitalize an older plant.

This type of pruning is ideally done in the late winter or early spring, before new growth begins. When pruning viburnum, be sure to remove any dead or damaged branches, as well as any crossing or rubbing branches.

It is also important to thin out the plant to allow light and air to reach the inner branches. When pruning, make sure to use sharp pruning shears to avoid damaging the plant.

After pruning, give the plant time to recover before fertilizing or applying any type of pesticide or herbicide.

What viburnum does best on the shade?

Many gardeners shy away from planting viburnum in their yard because they think it requires too much sun. However, there are actually several varieties of viburnum that thrive in the shade.

Mapleleaf viburnum does best in deep shade, while blackhaw viburnum is well-suited to dry shade. For small areas, mapleleaf viburnum and some varieties of doublefile viburnum like Shasta are perfect.

Siebold viburnum is a good choice for larger spaces. No matter which variety you choose, you can be sure that your viburnum will add beauty to your landscape.

How many hours of sun does a viburnum need?

The majority of viburnums thrive in full sun, but they are quite happy in partial or light shade. With the exception of a few species, they are moderately fertile and moist, but well-drained soil, with a pH of 5.6 up to 6.6.

Viburnums generally perform best in full sun to part shade. In deep shade, few flower buds form and overall growth is usually poorer. The amount of sun needed depends on the species or hybrids selected.

Some, such as Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum ‘Shasta’, perform beautifully in full sun, while others, such as Viburnum dilatatum ‘Cardinal Candy’, prefer part shade and may suffer leaf scorch if grown in full sun in hot summer regions.

As a general rule, choose a site that offers at least six hours of sun per day for optimal performance.

Can you trim viburnum in the summer?

As any gardener knows, properly timing your pruning is essential for maintaining the health of your plants. Pruning too early or too late can cause damage and encourage unhealthy growth.

So, when it comes to trimming viburnum, when is the best time to do it? For the most part, maintenance pruning should be finished by the time the flowers have begun to fade.

This will help ensure that you don’t damage any new growth and that your plant has time to recover before the cold weather sets in.

However, if you need to do some shaping or size reduction, a slight trimming of branches can be carried out at any time from February to the point when flowering starts.

Just be sure to avoid pruning after flower buds have formed, as this can impact the plant’s ability to produce blooms the following year. So, if you’re wondering when to trim viburnum, the answer is mainly in the summer – but with a little flexibility on either side of the season.

How do you prune a viburnum shrub?

Pruning a viburnum is a task that can be easily accomplished with a little time and the proper tools.

First, remove any dead or diseased branches with a sharp pair of pruning shears. Next, cut back any long or straggly branches to create a more compact shape. Finally, remove any flower heads that remain from the previous season.

Doing this will encourage the shrub to produce new flowers in the coming year. With just a little care and attention, you can keep your viburnum looking its best for years to come.

Do you prune arrowwood viburnum?

Viburnums are a diverse group of plants that can be either deciduous or evergreen, and they come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Arrowwood viburnum is a species of deciduous viburnum that is native to North America.

It gets its name from the fact that Native Americans used to make arrows from the wood of the plant. Arrowwood viburnum is a relatively easy plant to care for, and it does not require much pruning.

However, if you want to encourage more blooms, you can trim the top stems in the summer after the plant has finished blooming.

Doing this will help to stimulate new growth and promote more flowers the following year. So if you’re looking to add a little extra color to your garden, arrowwood viburnum is a great choice.

Jessica Miles

Jessica Miles is a writer for Botanique Boutique, a plant and gardening blog. She has always loved plants, flowers, and anything green. When she was younger, she used to watch her grandfather garden and would be in awe of the beautiful flowers he would grow. Now Jessica writes about all things related to plants and gardening - from beginner tips on how to start growing your own plants, to in-depth guides on caring for a specific type of flower or plant. She loves helping others learn about this fascinating hobby, and hopes that her writing will inspire people to get outside and enjoy nature!

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