How to Plant and Maintain a Zoysia Lawn

Zoysia Grass

If you’re looking for an easy-to-maintain, low-maintenance lawn, you should consider planting zoysia. This warm-season grass is known for its durability and ability to survive in drought conditions.

In this blog post, we will discuss how to plant and maintain a zoysia lawn. We’ll also provide tips on how to get the best results from your zoysia sod!

Common Name Zoysia grass
Botanical Name Zoysia spp.
Family Poaceae
Plant Type Perennial
Mature Size 6-12 in. tall
Sun Exposure Full
Soil Type Well-drained
Soil pH Acidic, neutral
Hardiness Zones 5-10 (USDA)
Native Area Korea

Tips for Keeping Your Plants Healthy

  • Zoysia grass should be mowed to a height of between one and three inches. The ideal mowing height depends on the amount of foot traffic the lawn receives.
  • For light foot traffic, a height of one inch is sufficient. If the lawn experiences moderate to heavy foot traffic, then a height of two or three inches is recommended.
  • Zoysia grass can be mowed with either a rotary or reel-type mower.
  • Zoysia grass does not require a lot of fertilizer to remain healthy. In fact, too much fertilizer can actually harm the grass.
  • A light application of fertilizer in early spring is all that is needed to provide nutrients for the growing season ahead.

Lighting and Temperature

Zoysia grass grows best in full sun but can also tolerate partial shade. It’s a warm-season grass, so it thrives in temperatures between 80 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit and goes dormant in colder weather.

If you live in an area with harsh winters, consider planting zoysia as an annual grass.


Soil preparation is key to success when planting a zoysia lawn. The soil should be loose and free of debris for the best results.

Zoysia grass grows well in sandy or loamy soils with a pH between . It can also tolerate some salt.


Fertilizer requirements for zoysia are low, and the lawn does not need to be mowed as often as other grasses.

Zoysia grass can be mowed with a rotary or reel-type lawn mower, but it is important to use a sharp blade to avoid shredding the leaves.


Pruning the zoysia grass is important to maintaining the shape and preventing thatch buildup. Zoysia grass lawns need about one-half to three-fourths inch of water per week.

The amount of water may be adjusted according to rainfall and temperature conditions. Zoysia grass should be mowed when it reaches about four inches in height.


Watering is one of the most important parts of maintaining a Zoysia lawn. The grass should be watered deeply and infrequently to encourage a deep root system.

Watering once or twice a week should be sufficient, but during periods of extreme heat or drought, you may need to water more frequently.


Size, shape, and color make zoysia a favorite warm-season grass for homeowners and turf professionals.

Zoysia grass spreads by stolons (above-ground runners) and rhizomes (underground runners).

It is a medium to slow-growing grass that can take longer than other grasses to establish a thick, lawn coverage.


Flowering and seeding occurs in the fall, with the grass going dormant in winter.

Zoysia is a warm-season grass that is best adapted to the transitional and southern regions of the United States.

It thrives in full sun but can tolerate some shade.

Common Pests & Diseases

Zoysia grass is a type of warm-season grass that is known for its ability to resist diseases and pests. However, there are a few insects that may cause problems for zoysiagrass, particularly in the summer months.

June beetles and Japanese beetles can both feed on the roots of zoysia grass, which can lead to grub infestations in lawns.

While most grubs will not cause significant damage, large infestations can be problematic. Another issue that can affect zoysia grass is large patches, which is an invasive fungal disease.

Overwatering, excessive thatch, or high nitrogen levels can all contribute to the development of large patches. However, proper cultural practices can help to prevent this disease from affecting zoysia grass.

How to Grow Zoysia From Seed

Zoysia grass is a type of turfgrass that is known for its thick, lush lawns. Unlike other types of grass, zoysia grass can be difficult to establish from seed.

However, it is possible to create a zoysia lawn by sowing seeds, but it will take longer for the grass to establish itself.

The best time to sow zoysia seeds is in the spring, and it could take up to two years for the grass to fill in. To sow zoysia seeds, rake the soil lightly to prepare it, then spread the seeds with a spreader.

Be sure to keep the soil moist during the germination process by watering multiple times a day. With patience and care, it is possible to create a beautiful zoysia lawn from seed.

Zoysia Varieties

There are two zoysia species that are used to make lawns: Zoysia japonica and Zoysia matrella. Zoysia japonica is the only commercially available variety of zoysia grass.

It has coarsely cut grass that is available in numerous varieties, including Z. japonica ‘Meyer’. Meyer Zoysia grass was created and made available by the late 1950s under the trade name Z-52.

The ability to withstand cold has increased in recent years. Medium-coarse blades can be seen on the cultivar Z. japonica “Zenith.” Z. japonica “Compadre” is a favorite alternative for sports grounds since it is wear-resistant.

Regular mowing is unnecessary since Zoysia matrella (Manila grass) grows more slowly, is more resistant to cold, and feels smoother than Z. japonica.

“Emerald,” a high-end variety of Zoysia matrella, is known for its beautiful emerald green color. Manila grass lawns are becoming increasingly popular due to their low maintenance requirements.

Whether you’re looking for a low-maintenance lawn or a variety that can withstand colder temperatures, zoysia grass is a great option.

How do you grow zoysia grass thicker?

Most people think that the key to a thick, luscious lawn is to water it frequently. However, this can actually do more harm than good. Zoysia grass is a hardy plant that is well-adapted to hot, dry climates.

While it does need some water to survive, too much moisture can cause the grass to become weak and spindly. The best way to provide water for your zoysia grass is to give it a deep watering once or twice a week, rather than watering lightly every day.

In addition to watering, you also need to fertilize your zoysia grass regularly. Look for a fertilizer that is high in nitrogen, as this will help promote strong growth. You should also aerate your lawn at least once a year.

This helps improve drainage and allows the roots to get the oxygen they need to grow. Finally, keep an eye out for weeds and diseases.

Weeds can compete with zoysia grass for resources, and diseases can weaken the plant and make it more susceptible to damage from pests and weather.

By taking these steps, you can help ensure that your zoysia grass stays thick and healthy all season long.

How do you revive zoysia grass?

Zoysia grass is a type of turfgrass that is known for its dense growth and its ability to withstand heavy traffic. While it is a tough plant, zoysia grass can sometimes become thin and patchy.

Reviving a thin lawn often requires reseeding or re sod ding. However, there are a few simple steps that can be taken to help encourage new growth in zoysia grass.

First, mow the lawn at the highest setting to remove any dead or dying blades of grass. Next, de thatch the lawn to remove any build-up of dead grass and leaves.

Finally, apply a slow-release fertilizer to provide the grass with the nutrients it needs to grow thick and healthy. By taking these steps, you can help revive a thin zoysia lawn and create a thick, green turf.

Why does my zoysia look dead?

One of the most common reasons why zoysia grass may look dead is due to excessively dry conditions. Without enough moisture, the grass will begin to turn brown and wilt.

Another possible reason is the absence of fertilizer. Zoysia grass needs specific nutrients to stay healthy, and without them, it will slowly start to die off. Sometimes, dying zoysia grass is simply due to leaf spot.

This disease appears as small lesions on the blades of grass, and a close inspection may be required to determine its presence. With proper care, however, zoysia grass can be revived and kept healthy for many years to come.

What fertilizer is best for Zoysia grass?

Fertilizer is important for all grasses, but it is especially important for Zoysia grass. This type of grass is known for being slow-growing and needing less mowing than other types of grass.

However, this also means that Zoysia grass is more susceptible to nutrient deficiencies. A good fertilizer will help to ensure that your Zoysia grass stays healthy and green.

The most effective fertilizer for Zoysia grass is a 15-0-15 or 15-0-10 fertilizer mix. This blend of fertilizer signifies that the fertilizer will have 15 percent Nitrogen, 0 percent Phosphorus, and 15 percent Potassium.

These nutrients are essential for healthy plant growth, and they will help your Zoysia grass to thrive.

Why is my Zoysia grass thinning?

There are a few reasons why your Zoysia grass might be thinning. One possibility is that the grass isn’t getting enough sunlight.

Zoysia grass requires a minimum of six hours of sunlight per day, and even areas that are shaded behind the trees or in between buildings can result in the loss of Zoysia grass.

Another possibility is that the soil is too compacted. Zoysia grass needs well-aerated soil in order to grow.

If the soil is compacted, it can prevent the roots from getting the oxygen they need, which can lead to thinning grass.

Finally, if you’re using herbicides or pesticides on your lawn, they may be harming the Zoysia grass. If you’re not sure what’s causing the problem, it’s best to consult with a landscaper or horticulturist.

With proper care, your Zoysia grass will soon be thick and healthy again.

Can you use Scotts Turf Builder on Zoysia grass?

Zoysia grass is a type of warm-season turfgrass that is popular for its dense, carpet-like growth. Unlike many other types of grass, Zoysia grass has a low tolerance for fertilizer, so it is important to choose a fertilizer that is specifically designed for this type of turf.

The Scotts Turf Builder weed and Feed 1 contains a high concentration of nitrogen, which can cause Zoysia grass to turn yellow or brown.

For this reason, it is not recommended to use this fertilizer on Zoysia lawns. However, the Scotts Turf Builder weed and Feed 2 is formulated specifically for Zoysia grass and will not cause any discoloration.

How do you stimulate Zoysia growth?

Zoysia grass is a popular choice for lawns, due to its high level of drought tolerance and ability to resist disease and pests.

However, Zoysia grass can be slow to establish itself, and gardeners often wonder how to stimulate growth.

One way to encourage Zoysia grass to spread is to mow it frequently. This helps to remove old blades of grass, making room for new growth.

In addition, you should fertilize Zoysia grass regularly, using a fertilizer with a high nitrogen content.

Watering during dry periods is also important, as Zoysia grass needs a consistent supply of moisture in order to remain healthy.

By following these simple tips, you can ensure that your Zoysia grass gets the care it needs to thrive.

What’s the best fertilizer for zoysia?

Fertilizer is essential for maintaining a healthy lawn. It helps to provide the nutrients that grass needs to grow and stay green. However, not all fertilizers are created equal.

When it comes to zoysia grass, the best fertilizer is Scotts Turf Builder Southern Triple Action. This fertilizer not only provides nutrients, but it also helps to kill weeds and protect against pests and disease.

It is important to apply fertilizer according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Over-fertilizing can damage grass, so it is important to follow the recommended dosage. With proper care, a healthy lawn can be enjoyed for years to come.

How do you fix thin grass?

Over seeding is a good option for fixing a thin lawn. To over seed, cut the lawn in a short length and then remove the clippings and thatch.

Next, loosen the soil with a rake or hoe and then apply the seed. Be sure to use a quality seed that is tailored to your climate.

Finally, water the lawn regularly until the seedlings are established. Sod installation is another option for fixing a thin lawn.

Sod is simply grass that has been grown in a nursery and then cut into strips for installation. Sod installation is more expensive than over seeding, but it provides an instant solution to a thin lawn.

To install sod, first prepare the soil by removing rocks and debris. Next, loosen the soil and then level it out.

Finally, lay the sod in rows and then water it regularly until it is established. Either way, over seeding or sod installation, with some time and effort you can have a thick and healthy lawn again.

Jessica Miles

Jessica Miles is a writer for Botanique Boutique, a plant and gardening blog. She has always loved plants, flowers, and anything green. When she was younger, she used to watch her grandfather garden and would be in awe of the beautiful flowers he would grow. Now Jessica writes about all things related to plants and gardening - from beginner tips on how to start growing your own plants, to in-depth guides on caring for a specific type of flower or plant. She loves helping others learn about this fascinating hobby, and hopes that her writing will inspire people to get outside and enjoy nature!

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