How to Grow Lupines: Learn About Lupines and How to Grow Them

How to Grow Lupines

Looking to add a touch of springtime magic to your garden? Look no further than Lupines! These beautiful flowers come in a variety of colors, and can be grown either as an annual or perennial. In this blog post, we’ll teach you everything you need to know about growing Lupines, from planting tips to care instructions. So get ready to add some dazzling color to your garden this spring!

Common Names Lupine, bluebonnet
Botanical Name Lupinus x hybrida
Family Fabaceae
Plant Type Herbaceous, perennial, annual
Mature Size 3-4 ft. tall, 1-1.5 ft. wide
Sun Exposure Full
Soil Type Rich, moist, well-drained
Soil pH Acidic, neutral
Bloom Time Spring, summer
Flower Color White, pink, red, yellow, blue, purple, bicolor
Hardiness Zones 4-8 (USDA)
Native Area Parent species mostly native to North America
Toxicity Toxic to humans and animals

Tips for Keeping Your Plants Healthy:

Perennial Lupines:

  • Cut back the foliage to the ground in early spring, before new growth begins.
  • Fertilize your plants with a balanced fertilizer once a year, in early spring.
  • Divide your plants every few years to keep them healthy and vigorous
  • Start seeds indoors, about eight weeks before the last frost date in your area.
  • Transplant seedlings outdoors after all danger of frost has passed.
  • Space plants about 12 inches apart.
  • Fertilize monthly with a balanced liquid fertilizer.

Lighting and Temperature

Lupines prefer full sun, but will tolerate partial shade.

In hot summer climates, plants may require afternoon shade to prevent wilting.


Lupines prefer a rich, moist, well-drained soil.

If your soil is heavy or clay-like, mix in some sand to improve drainage.


Apply a balanced fertilizer to your plants once a year, in early spring.

Divide and Transplant Lupines

Lupines will become overcrowded after a few years, and will benefit from being divided.

To divide your plants, dig up the entire clump of foliage and roots in early spring.

Using a sharp knife or spade, divide the clump into smaller sections.

Replant each section in a new location, and water well.


Lupines bloom on new growth, so it’s best to prune them back in early spring, before new growth begins.

To prune your plants, simply cut the foliage back to the ground.

This will encourage fresh new growth and a bountiful bloom come summertime!


Lupines prefer a moist, well-drained soil.

Water your plants deeply and regularly, especially during hot summer months.

If you live in a hot climate, afternoon shade may be necessary to prevent wilting.

Size and Shape

Lupines typically grow to be about 34 feet tall and 11.50 feet wide.

They have a relatively upright growth habit, with long spikes of colorful flowers.


Lupines typically bloom in summer or spring, depending on the variety.

Their flowers come in a variety of colors, including red, white, pink, blue, yellow, and purple.

Some varieties even have bi-colored flowers!


Lupines are toxic to both animals and humans if ingested.

If you have pets or small children, take care to keep them away from your plants.

Common Pests & Plant Diseases

Lupines are a beautiful addition to any garden, but they can be susceptible to a variety of insects and illnesses. Aphids, snails, and slugs are common throughout the spring, so it’s important to control pests by applying horticultural oil and insecticides as soon as you notice them. Brown spot fungus, which causes brown spots on particular areas of the plant, can also harm lupines.

Remove and destroy infected plants, and avoid using the same location for lupines for an extended length of time to allow the spores to disperse. Powdery mildew can also harm lupines, especially if there is insufficient air circulation throughout the plant. This fungal disease appears as white, powdery patches on the leaf, and there are a number of organic and chemical treatments available to tackle it. It is also viable to just remove the leaves and then wait for regrowth. With a little bit of care, you can enjoy beautiful lupines in your garden for many years to come.

How to Grow Lupines From Seed

One of the best ways to get Lupines is by starting them from seed. Not only is it a cost-effective way to produce these beautiful flowers, but it’s also one of the easiest perennials to grow from seed. It’s important to note that Lupines produced from seeds will most likely not blossom until its second year. Additionally, the seed covering is tough, so it’s best to clip them off or soak them overnight in water prior to planting. When you’re ready to plant, the seeds should be placed approximately a quarter-inch deep and in full sunlight. Also, due to its extensive taproots, Lupines cannot be transplanted fast. However, if you follow these easy steps, Germination should take between 14 and 30 days. With a little patience, you’ll have a stunning display of Lupines in no time!

Propagating Lupines

Lupines are beautiful flowers that come in a variety of colours, making them a popular choice for gardens. They are relatively easy to care for and can be propagated from seed or by taking cuttings from existing plants. Because they are short-lived plants, it is advised to propagate them every two to three years to keep your favourite plants in stock. Lupines can be reproduced by carefully removing the base cut from plants in the spring.

Cut off a part of the plant’s top and roots with a sharp knife and transplant it to a new site. This must be done early in the spring, before the plant begins to spread and flourish. By taking cuttings from existing plants, you can ensure that your lupines will always look their best.

Types of Lupine

Lupines are a hardy and adaptable plant that come in a wide range of colors and sizes. The Russell Mixed Colors lupine is a beautiful hybrid that was developed in 1937 and grows naturally in a variety of locations. This plant has dense spikes of flowers that are less than 2 feet tall and creates a stunning rainbow of colors. The Dwarf Lulu lupine is another gorgeous variety that comes in a wide range of colors and grows to be around 2 feet tall. The Minarette lupine is a beautiful 18-inch variety that is perfect for placing along the edge of a border or in containers. No matter what your gardening needs are, there is sure to be a lupine that is perfect for you.

How do you prepare lupines for winter?

As any gardener knows, preparing plants for winter is essential to keeping them healthy and ensuring a bountiful spring harvest. For lupines, this process begins with cutting off the faded flowers in order to increase the number of blooms. The seeds should be kept until the pods begin to turn yellow, at which point they can be collected and saved for planting next season.

Dead spikes should not be cut during the fall; instead, they should be left intact until spring. Finally, a layer of mulch should be sprinkled around the plants to provide winter protection. By following these simple steps, gardeners can ensure that their lupines will thrive for years to come.

What to do with lupines after they bloom?

If you have lupines in your garden, you may be wondering what to do with them once they finish blooming. The good news is that there are a few simple steps you can take to ensure that your lupines continue to thrive. First, cut off the main stem at the top of the plant, just above where it branches off to the side stems. This will encourage new growth and prevent the plant from becoming leggy.

Next, remove the side stems once their flowers begin to fade. This will keep the plant looking tidy and prevent it from self-seeding. Finally, Deadhead any remaining flowers to prevent seed production. By following these simple tips, you can keep your lupines looking their best all season long!

How many years does it take for lupine to bloom?

Lupines are a type of flowering plant that belongs to the pea family. The majority of species are found within U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 4 through 8, however a handful of cultivars are found within USDA zones 9a and 9. The time of bloom varies according to the growing conditions and the methods used to plant however, lupines typically bloom in the first year following the planting.

Lupines come in a variety of colors including white, yellow, pink, blue, and purple. They are often used as ornamental plants or as part of a wildflower garden. Lupines are relatively easy to care for and do not require a lot of maintenance. However, they do need full sun and well-drained soil in order to thrive. If you are looking for a beautiful flower that is easy to care for, lupines may be the perfect choice for you.

How do you get lupines to bloom again?

Lupines are a beautiful and hardy flower, but getting them to bloom again can be a challenge. The key is to fertilize them using a plant food that is high in the mineral phosphorus. A nitrogen-rich fertilizer can actually increase the growth of the leaves, so it’s important to use one that is specifically designed for promoting blooms. Once the flowers have faded,deadheading them is also essential for encouraging new blooms. With a little care and attention, you can keep your lupines blooming all season long!

Do lupine plants reseed themselves?

Most lupines reproduce themselves via self-seeding, meaning that they don’t require much effort on the part of the gardener. However, self-seeding isn’t always desirable, as it can result in plants that don’t have the same ornamental qualities as the parent plant. If you want to ensure that your lupines maintain their desirable traits, it’s best to propagate them through division or cuttings. Although this takes a bit more time and effort, it will be worth it in the end when you have a beautiful, healthy crop of lupines.

What do you do with lupines in the fall?

Lupines are a type of flowering plant that come in a variety of colors. They are fairly easy to care for, but there are a few things you should do in the fall to ensure they stay healthy. First, cut the stems of the flowers all the way down when they start to fade. This will encourage new growth. Second, don’t cut back the leaves until the seeds have dropped. The plant uses them for energy and nutrients, so it’s important to wait until they’re no longer needed. Finally, if you want to do any fall planting, make sure not to soak the seeds before sowing them. Wild lupines are especially tolerant of autumn weather, so this is a good time to plant them. With just a little bit of care, you can keep your lupines healthy and beautiful for years to come.

Do you cut back lupines in winter?

Lupines are a beloved flower by many, known for their tall spikes of brightly colored blooms. Though they are a showy plant, they are also relatively easy to care for. One common question about lupines is whether or not to cut them back in winter. The answer, as with most plants, depends on the type of lupine you have. If you have a species that is grown as an annual, then it is not necessary to cut it back in winter since it will not regrow the following year. However, if you have a species that is perennial, then it is important to cut it back in winter in order to encourage new growth in the spring. Regardless of the type of lupine, keeping the soil moist until the seedlings grow will help ensure a healthy plant.

Do lupines grow back every year?

Lupines are a beautiful addition to any garden, but many people wonder if they will come back every year. The answer is yes and no. Lupines are technically a perennial plant, which means that their roots will stay alive underground for many years. However, the above-ground parts of the plant only last for a few years before they need to be replaced. As a result, lupines are often grown as annuals, since it is easier to simply replant them each year than it is to try to keep them going for multiple seasons. However, with proper care, it is possible to get lupines to come back year after year. If you live in an area with mild winters, you can try leaving the lupine roots in the ground and replanting the tops each spring. Otherwise, you can dig up the roots in the fall and store them indoors over winter. Either way, with a little patience and effort, you can enjoy lupines in your garden for many years to come.

How does lupine propagate?

Lupines are a type of flowering plant that self-sow readily. This means that they will drop their seeds and grow new plants on their own. The best way to propagate, or grow, lupines is to let them do this. You can encourage the self-sowing process by avoiding pruning and deadheading the plants. This will allow the flowers to develop seedpods, which will eventually fall to the ground and sprout new plants. If you want to propagate perennial lupines, you can take cuttings from the shoots at the bottom of the plant in the springtime. These cuttings can be planted in soil and will eventually grow into new, full-sized lupine plants. Overall, propagation is a simple process when it comes to lupines – just let them do their thing!

Jessica Miles

Jessica Miles is a writer for Botanique Boutique, a plant and gardening blog. She has always loved plants, flowers, and anything green. When she was younger, she used to watch her grandfather garden and would be in awe of the beautiful flowers he would grow. Now Jessica writes about all things related to plants and gardening - from beginner tips on how to start growing your own plants, to in-depth guides on caring for a specific type of flower or plant. She loves helping others learn about this fascinating hobby, and hopes that her writing will inspire people to get outside and enjoy nature!

Recent Posts