Unique London Plane Tree Grows in North America: Features and Facts

London Planetree

There’s a unique tree that is growing in North America, and it’s called the London plane. This hybrid tree is a cross between the American sycamore and oriental sycamore, and it is the largest urban tree in North America.

The London plane grows several feet per year, and can be planted year-round. It has an irregular bark patch that reveals a creamy green inner bark, and its leaves are 4 to 9 inches wide with three-five lobes.

The leaves turn yellow-brown in fall, and small clusters of spring flowers turn into fall fruit balls.

Botanical Name Platanus × acerifolia
Common Name London planetree, London plane, hybrid plane
Plant Type Deciduous tree
Mature Size 75 to 100 feet tall and 60 to 75 feet wide
Sun Exposure Full sun to part shade
Soil Type Loamy, sandy, or clay
Soil pH 3.7 to 6.5
Bloom Time April
Flower Color Red (female), yellowish-green (male)
Hardiness Zones 5 to 9, USA
Native Area North American-Asian hybrid

Tips for Keeping Your Plants Healthy

  • The London plane tree is a hardy plant that can withstand some abuse, but there are a few things you can do to keep it healthy.
  • Water regularly during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. After that, the tree is relatively drought tolerant.
  • Prune in late winter or early spring, before new growth begins.
  • Remove any dead, diseased or damaged branches, and any branches that are crossing or rubbing.
  • Mulch annually with a layer of compost or shredded leaves. This will help retain moisture and suppress weeds.

Lighting and Temperature

The London plane tree grows best in full sun, but can tolerate partial shade. It is relatively tolerant of heat and cold, and will even do well in urban environments where the air is polluted.


The London plane tree is not particular about soil, and will even do well in poor quality soils. It prefers a loamy, sandy or clay soil that is slightly acidic to neutral (pH of between


The London plane tree is a fast grower, so it will benefit from annual fertilization. Use a balanced fertilizer in early spring.


Prune in late winter or early spring, before new growth begins. Remove any dead, diseased or damaged branches, and any branches that are crossing or rubbing.

The London plane tree is a hardy plant that can withstand some abuse, but there are a few things you can do to keep it healthy.


Water regularly during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. After that, the tree is relatively drought tolerant.


The London plane tree grows to a height of between 75 and 100 feet and a width of up to 60 feet


The London plane tree flowers in April. The flowers are red (female) and yellowish-green (male).

Varieties of London Planetree

The London planetree is a hybrid of the American sycamore and Oriental planetree that occurred in the 17th century in Spain or London. Since then, cultivars have been developed, such as ‘Bloodgood’, ‘Columbia’, and ‘Liberty’.

‘Bloodgood’ is a 60-foot-tall variety that can withstand dryness and poor soil. ‘Columbia’ has 50-foot-tall dark green leaves. It’s mildew- and anthracnose-resistant and tolerates pruning.

‘Liberty’ is a fast-growing, 50-foot-long variety. It’s anthrax, mildew, drought, and heat tolerant. Metzam grows to 70 feet. Disease-resistant cultivar Its reddish leaves turn green.

Mirkovec is a dwarf, shady variety with pink, cream, and bronze lobed leaves. All of these cultivars have different traits that make them well suited for different conditions, but they all share the common ancestor of the London planetree.

Common Pests and Diseases

The London planetree (Platanus x acerifolia) is a hybrid species of tree that is often used in urban landscaping. T

hough it is generally a hardy tree, it can be affected by several diseases, most notably anthracnose-related fungus.

This fungus can cause leaf spots, cankers, and mildew, and it can eventually kill the tree. There are some disease-resistant cultivars of London planetree, such as ‘Columbia’ and ‘Liberty’, but they are not completely immune to the fungus.

In addition to anthracnose, London planetrees can also be affected by sycamore lacebugs, Borers, Japanese caterpillars, beetles, and mites. However, these pests are less common than the anthracnose fungus.

Propagating London Planetree

Fruit balls are a type of plant that can be propagated by cuttings or seeds. Grafting is a process whereby the upper part of one plant is grafted onto the root system of another plant.

This is often done in order to protect cultivar traits. Cultivars are plants that have been bred for specific characteristics, such as size, shape, or color. When grafting, it is important to make sure that the cambium layer of the two plants is aligned.

The cambium layer is a thin layer of actively growing tissue just beneath the bark.

Once the graft has been made, it is important to keep the area well-watered and protected from sunlight until it has healed. After the graft has healed, the plant will be able to produce fruit balls.

How do you care for a London plane tree?

London plane trees can be easy to transplant, but it is important to ensure that the trees aren’t planted too deep. London plane prefers deep, rich, and moist soils that drain well.

It is able to endure a wide range of soil conditions, such as high acidity and compacting. The tree also requires little pruning, although dead or diseased branches should be removed as needed.

London plane trees are fairly tolerant of pollution and salt, making them a good choice for city streets and other urban environments.

When transplanted properly and given the right conditions, London plane trees can live for centuries.

What is the difference between plane tree and sycamore?

The London Plane tree is a hearty tree that can tolerate a range of difficult soil conditions. However, for optimal growth it is important to ensure that the tree is not planted too deeply.

London Plane trees prefer deep, rich, and moist soils that drain well. When transplanting, be sure not to plant the tree too deeply. This will help the tree establish a strong root system which is essential for its long-term health.

In addition, remember to water regularly and apply mulch to help retain moisture and protect the roots from extreme temperatures. With proper care, your London Plane tree will thrive for years to come.

Where is the oldest plane tree in London?

The London plane tree is a massive and ancient tree that is located in the Barn Elms area of London. The exact age of the tree is unknown, but it is believed to be at least 330 years old.

The tree is so large that it takes up an entire city block, and its branches provide shading for an area of nearly 10,000 square feet. The London plane tree is significant not only for its size and age, but also for its historical importance.

The tree was planted on land that was owned by the Archbishop of Canterbury, and it is thought to be one of the first plane trees to be planted in London.

Today, the London plane tree is a popular tourist destination, and its massive branches are a refuge for birds and other wildlife.

How much space does a London plane tree need?

The London plane is a magnificent tree that can provide shade and beauty for any landscape. However, because of its size, great consideration should be given to its placement.

The tree should be kept at least 30 feet away from buildings to allow ample space for its roots and to prevent damage to the foundation. In addition, the tree should be planted in an area with plenty of room for it to spread its branches.

Underground utilities should also be avoided to prevent damage to the roots. With proper planning, the London plane can be a wonderful addition to any property.

Where is the London plane tree planted frequently?

The London plane tree is frequently planted in a variety of locations including parks, landscapes, and streets in the north-central region of Arizona.

This tree is well-suited for plantation in temperate climates ranging from Johannesburg, South Africa to Sydney, Australia.

The London plane tree is a beautiful tree that provides shade and is drought tolerant. This tree grows to a height of 50 feet and a spread of 40 feet at maturity.

The leaves of the London plane tree are large, simple, and lobed. The bark is scaly and brown to gray in color. The flowers of the London plane tree are small and inconspicuous. The fruit is a globose head containing numerous small seeds.

How quickly do London plane trees grow?

London plane trees are one of the fastest-growing trees in the world, adding 13-24 inches per year. Native to Europe and Asia, these deciduous trees were introduced to North America in the early 1800s and have been widely planted as street trees and in parks ever since.

London planes are tolerant of a wide range of soils and climates, making them easy to care for.

However, their fast growth rate means that they can quickly become too large for their location.

As a result, it is important to select a planting site carefully and prune young trees regularly to encourage a strong, healthy framework. With proper care, London plane trees can provide shade and beauty for many generations to come.

How big do London plane trees get?

The London plane tree, also known as thePLA tree, is a deciduous tree that is native to Western Asia and the Eastern Mediterranean.

The London plane tree can reach an elevation of 75-100′ and spreads out to around 80′ by the time it reaches maturity.

The leaves of the London plane tree are simple, alternate, and lobed. The bark is smooth and green when young but becomes corky and brown with age.

The fruit is a spherical cluster of seeds that are covered in a thin, papery wing. The London plane tree is tolerant of many soil types and urban conditions, making it a popular choice for landscaping in cities.

While the London plane tree can grow to be quite large, it is also susceptible to pests and diseases, so it is important to provide regular care and maintenance.

Is a London plane a good tree?

The London plane ( Platanus x acerifolia ) is a hybrid species of plane tree that was cultivated in England in 17th century. It is a large deciduous tree that can grow up to 30m tall and 15m wide.

The London plane is tolerant to urban environments and resistant to pollution, which makes it an ideal tree for street planting in large cities. The tree has a beautiful golden brown bark, with dark brown streaks, that is often used to create veneers.

The London plane is a popular choice for parks and gardens due to its ornamental value and low maintenance requirements. However, the tree can be susceptible to fungal diseases, such as powdery mildew and leaf spot.

Overall, the London plane is a good choice for those looking for an attractive and low-maintenance tree.

Do London plane trees have invasive roots?

London plane trees are a common sight in urban areas, with their broad leaves and sturdy branches providing shade and beautifying city streets.

However, these trees have a dark secret: their roots are notoriously invasive. The roots of the tree are so strong and aggressive that they can uplift curbs and sidewalks and sewer pipes and even crack foundations of buildings.

In fact, many cities have had to remove London plane trees from public areas due to the damage they have caused.

While some argue that the benefits of these trees outweigh the costs, there is no denying that their roots can cause serious problems for both people and infrastructure.

What is the lifespan of a London planetree?

The London planetree is a massive tree that can reach up to 35 meters in height. With a lifespan of several hundred years, it is one of the longest-lived trees in the world.

The London planetree gets its name from its distinctive bark, which is pale in color and peels off in large flakes. This tree is native to Europe and Asia, but it has been widely planted in cities around the world.

In London, for example, there are more than 8,000 London planetrees lining the streets. These trees are popular for their shade and for their resistance to pollution.

However, they are vulnerable to pests and diseases, and their long lifespan means that they can outlive their usefulness as street trees.

As a result, many London planetrees are being removed from their urban homes and replaced with younger trees.

Jessica Miles

Jessica Miles is a writer for Botanique Boutique, a plant and gardening blog. She has always loved plants, flowers, and anything green. When she was younger, she used to watch her grandfather garden and would be in awe of the beautiful flowers he would grow. Now Jessica writes about all things related to plants and gardening - from beginner tips on how to start growing your own plants, to in-depth guides on caring for a specific type of flower or plant. She loves helping others learn about this fascinating hobby, and hopes that her writing will inspire people to get outside and enjoy nature!

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