How to Plant the Beaked Hazelnut Tree: A Native Nut-Producing Deciduous Shrub

Beaked Hazelnut

If you’re looking for a beautiful, low-maintenance tree that produces nutritious nuts, look no further than the Beaked Hazelnut.

This native North American tree can be found all over the United States and southern Canada. The little deciduous shrub typically grows in the forest understory or close to forest borders.

In the autumn, it produces acorn-like nuts that are rich in protein and lipids and are crucial for feeding a range of wildlife species.

Botanical Name Corylus cornuta
Common Name Beaked hazelnut
Plant Type Deciduous shrub
Mature Size 12′ tall
Sun Exposure Full sun
Soil Type Well-drained
Soil pH 6.8-7.2
Bloom Time Spring
Flower Color Yellow catkins (male), red flowers (female)
Hardiness Zones 3-8
Native Area North America

Tips for Keeping Your Plants Healthy

  • When planting beaked hazelnut trees, make sure to space them at least 12 feet apart. This will give the shrubs enough room to spread out and prevent them from overcrowding each other.
  • The best time to plant these trees is in the spring or fall. Beaked hazelnuts are low-maintenance plants and don’t require much pruning.
  • However, if you want to encourage a bushier growth habit, you can trim back the tips of the branches in late winter or early spring.
  • These shrubs are also relatively tolerant of drought conditions once they’re established.

Lighting and Temperature

Beaked hazelnuts grow best in full sun but can tolerate some partial shade.

They’re hardy in USDA zones three through eight and can withstand temperatures as low as -20 degrees Fahrenheit.


Beaked hazelnuts are not picky about the type of soil they grow in as long as it’s well-drained.

The ideal pH range for these plants is between six and eight.


Beaked hazelnuts don’t need to be fertilized regularly.

If you do choose to fertilize your plants, wait until early spring and use a balanced fertilizer that’s specifically designed for shrubs.


Beaked hazelnuts are low-maintenance plants and don’t require much pruning.

However, if you want to encourage a bushier growth habit, you can trim back the tips of the branches in late winter or early spring.


Beaked hazelnuts are relatively tolerant of drought conditions once they’re established.

However, during the first growing season, you’ll need to water your plants regularly to help them get established.

After that, only water them during prolonged periods of dry weather.


Beaked hazelnuts typically grow to be 12 feet tall and wide.


Beaked hazelnuts are dioecious, meaning that there are male and female plants.

The males produce yellow catkins in early spring, while the females have red flowers. Both types of plants produce edible nuts in the fall.


The honey-beaked hazelnut comes in two varieties: Corylus cornuta var. cornuta, also known as the Eastern Beaked Hazel, and Corylus cornuta var. californica, or the Western honey hazel.

Both varieties are native to North America, but the Eastern Beaked Hazel is found primarily in the eastern United States, while the Western honey hazel is found mainly in the western United States, including California.

Both varieties are deciduous shrubs that grow to about 6-8 feet tall and have narrow, elliptical leaves.

The Eastern Beaked Hazel has purplish-brown flowers that bloom in early spring, while the Western honey hazel has yellowish-green flowers that bloom in late winter or early spring.

The fruit of both varieties is a edible nut that is encased in a hard, woody shell. The nuts can be eaten raw or roasted, and are sometimes used in baking or made into a flour.

Honey from either variety of hazelnut tree is considered to be of high quality and is often used by beekeepers to make a type of mead called hydromel.

Is beaked hazelnut a tree?

The honey-beaked hazelnut comes in two varieties: Corylus cornuta var.cornuta, also known as the Eastern beaked hazel or cornuta, and Corylus cornuta var.

Californica, also called the Western honey hazel or California hazelnut. These two varieties are distinguished by the geographical regions where they are commonly found.

The Eastern beaked hazel is native to eastern North America, while the Western honey hazel is found primarily in California. Both types of hazelnuts are prized for their sweet flavor and nutritional value.

However, the Eastern beaked hazel is more widely cultivated due to its higher yield and resistance to disease. Whether grown in the East or West, the honey-beaked hazelnut is a delicious treat that everyone can enjoy.

How fast do hazelnut trees grow?

A hazelnut tree can grow quite quickly, depending on the species. For example, the Growth Rate of a hazelnut tree can be anywhere between 13 and 24 inches per year.

This means that in just a few years, a hazelnut tree can reach its full potential height. In addition to their fast growth rate, hazelnut trees are also known for their long lifespan.

Some species of hazelnut trees can live for hundreds of years, making them a valuable asset to any garden. For those looking to add a bit of variety to their landscape, planting a hazelnut tree is a great option.

Not only will it add visual interest, but it will also provide your garden with long-term benefits.

What is Beaked Hazelnut used for?

Beaked hazelnut is a small tree that is native to North America. It grows in woods and forests, and is often found near streams or other bodies of water.

The beaked hazelnut gets its name from its distinctive fruit, which has a long, thin stalk and a small, round nut. Beaked hazelnuts are edible, and they have a sweet, nutty flavor that is similar to that of other hazelnuts.

nuts can be eaten raw or roasted, and they are often used in baking. Beaked hazelnuts are also an important food source for wildlife, as they are consumed by deer, squirrels, Pheasants and grouse.

American Indians also picked beaked hazelnuts in the autumn and ate them raw or roasted. In addition to being eaten, beaked hazelnuts were also used by American Indians for medicinal purposes.

The bark and leaves of the beaked hazelnut tree were often used to make teas that were thought to have healing properties.

Today, beaked hazelnuts are still eaten as a snack food or used in baking, and they continue to play an important role in the diet of many animals.

Can you eat beaked hazelnuts?

The beaked hazelnut is a small tree that is found on the edges of forests or in thickets. The tree produces a small, hard nut that can be eaten. The nuts can be cooked, ground into flour, or candied.

The nut has a very strong flavor that some people find unpleasant. However, the nut is a good source of protein and essential fatty acids.

Are hazelnut trees easy to grow?

Hazelnut trees are a fast-growing and easy-to-cultivate option for those looking to add nut trees to their property.

They don’t require the same amount of space as other nut trees, and they yield delicious and sweet nuts each during the summer. Hazelnut trees are also relatively disease and pest resistant, making them a low-maintenance option for growers.

Overall, hazelnut trees are a great choice for those looking for an easy-to-grow option that will produce an annual bounty of tasty nuts.

How long does it take for hazelnut trees to bear fruit?

Most hazelnut trees will begin to bear fruit 3-4 years after they are planted. However, trees grown from seeds may take up to 8 years to produce nuts.

Hazelnut trees typically have a rounded, multi-stemmed form with an open, sometimes spreading base. The female flowers are red, while the male catkins are yellowish-brown.

Although hazelnuts are produced on the same plant as the male catkins, the tree is not self-fertile and requires pollination from another hazelnut tree in order to produce nuts.

Once pollinated, it takes approximately 6-8 weeks for the nuts to mature and be ready for harvest.

What is hazelnut used for?

Hazelnuts are most commonly used in baking and confectionary, as they add a rich, nutty flavor to desserts and sweets.

They are often used to make praline, which is a type of confection made from nuts that have been candied or roasted. Hazelnuts can also be used in conjunction with chocolate to make chocolate truffles or chocolate bars and spreads.

For example, the popular hazelnut spread Nutella is made with hazelnuts, cocoa, and sugar. Hazelnuts are also used to make Frangelico, a hazelnut-flavored liqueur.

In addition to their culinary uses, hazelnuts are also used in various cosmetics and skincare products. For example, hazelnut oil is often used as an ingredient in moisturizers and hair care products.

Are all hazelnuts edible?

While all hazelnuts are technically edible, not all of them are necessarily palatable. For example, the nuts of the American beaked hazelnut (Corylus cornuta) are very astringent and bitter, making them unpalatable to most people.

However, the nuts of the common hazel (Corylus avellana) are much more pleasant, with a sweet and nutty flavor. As a result, these nuts are often used in baking and confectionary.

In addition to their culinary uses, hazelnuts also have a long history of medicinal use. In folk medicine, hazelnuts were believed to cure a wide variety of ailments, including headaches, sore throats, and skin inflammation.

While modern medicine has largely discredited these uses, recent research has shown that hazelnuts do contain high levels of antioxidants and other beneficial compounds.

Consequently, there is some preliminary evidence that hazelnuts may offer some health benefits after all.

Are some hazelnuts poisonous?

While the majority of hazelnuts are safe for consumption, there are some that contain a substance called urushiol. This harmful compound is also found in poison ivy and can cause severe allergic reactions in some people.

Symptoms of an allergic reaction include itching, swelling, and difficulty breathing. In severe cases, anaphylactic shock can occur, which can be fatal.

For this reason, it is important to be aware of the potential risks before consuming any hazelnuts. Those with known allergies should avoid them altogether, and everyone else should exercise caution when eating them.

What is beaked hazelnut used for?

Beaked hazelnut is a small deciduous tree that is native to North America. The tree grows to a height of 15-20 feet and has a slender trunk with smooth, grey bark.

The leaves are oval-shaped and have serrated edges. The flowers are yellow and appear in clusters in early spring.

The nuts are enclosed in a green husk that turns brown when the nuts are ripe. Beaked hazelnut is commercially cultivated for its edible nuts.

It is utilized in wildlife habitat plants to cover the ground and provide nuts that are consumed by squirrels, deer Pheasants and grouse. American Indians picked in the beginning of autumn, kept until fully ripe and later roasted or eaten raw.

Also, they ate the hazelnuts. Hazelnuts can also be used to make oil, flour, and coffee. Oil made from hazelnuts is used in cosmetics and cooking.

Flour made from hazelnuts is used in baked goods, such as cakes and cookies. Coffee made from hazelnuts has a nutty flavor.

Jessica Miles

Jessica Miles is a writer for Botanique Boutique, a plant and gardening blog. She has always loved plants, flowers, and anything green. When she was younger, she used to watch her grandfather garden and would be in awe of the beautiful flowers he would grow. Now Jessica writes about all things related to plants and gardening - from beginner tips on how to start growing your own plants, to in-depth guides on caring for a specific type of flower or plant. She loves helping others learn about this fascinating hobby, and hopes that her writing will inspire people to get outside and enjoy nature!

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