Ornamental Hawthorns: Disease-Resistant Small Trees for Your Garden


If you’re looking for a beautiful small tree to add to your garden, look no further than the ornamental hawthorn.

Hawthorns come in a variety of sizes and colors, and are resistant to diseases and insects. While they do require some care, they are well worth the effort!

Common Name  Hawthorn
Botanical Name Crataegus spp.
Family Name Rosaceae
 Plant Type  Flowering tree, large shrub
 Mature Size  15 to 50 ft tall, 5-20 ft. wide
 Sun Exposure  Full sun
 Soil Type  Moist, well-drained
 Soil pH  Slightly acidic
 Bloom Time  May, early June
 Flower Color  White, pink
 Hardiness Zones  Varies by species
 Native Area Europe, Asia, North Africa, North America

Tips for Keeping Your Plants Healthy

  • The best way to keep your ornamental hawthorns healthy is to plant them in the right location. Hawthorns prefer full sun but can tolerate some shade, especially in hot climates. They need well-drained soil that is slightly acidic.
  • If you are unsure about your soil type, you can get a soil test kit at your local nursery or garden center.
  • Hawthorns are generally low-maintenance plants, but they can be susceptible to pests and diseases if they are not well cared for.
  • For this reason, it is important to check your plants regularly for signs of problems and to act quickly if you see anything out of the ordinary.

Lighting and Temperature

As mentioned earlier, hawthorns prefer full sun but can tolerate some shade. If you live in an area with hot summers, it is best to plant your hawthorn in a location that gets some afternoon shade.

Hawthorns are hardy in a wide range of temperatures, from -30 degrees Fahrenheit to over 100 degrees Fahrenheit.


As mentioned earlier, hawthorns need well-drained soil that is slightly acidic. If you are unsure about your soil type, you can get a soil test kit at your local nursery or garden center.

To improve drainage in heavy clay soils, mix in some sand or organic matter before planting.


Hawthorns are generally low-maintenance plants and do not need a lot of fertilizer. If you do choose to fertilize your hawthorn, use a balanced fertilizer that is low in nitrogen.

Too much nitrogen will cause the plant to produce lots of leaves at the expense of flowers.


Ornamental hawthorns are typically low-maintenance plants that do not need a lot of pruning. If you do need to prune your plant, it is best to do so in late winter or early spring.


Hawthorns are drought-tolerant plants that do not need a lot of water. In fact, too much water can be detrimental to the plant.

Only water your hawthorn when the soil is dry to the touch and never let the plant sit in water.


Hawthorns vary widely in size, from 15-50 feet tall and wide.

When choosing a hawthorn for your garden, be sure to select a plant that is the appropriate size for the space you have available.


Ornamental hawthorns produce flowers in a wide range of colors, including pink, white, and red. The flowers are typically borne in clusters and appear in late spring or early summer.

After the flowers fade, the plant produces small fruits called “haws” which are favored by birds.

Common Pests and Plant Diseases

Hawthorns are a popular tree, known for their beautiful white blossoms. Unfortunately, they are also susceptible to two diseases: hawthorn rust and fire blight.

Hawthorn rust is caused by a fungal infection, and while it is not always fatal to trees, it will permanently disfigure them. If a tree becomes infected, it will be treated or removed, but it is not curable.

This is why it is critical to select rust-resistant hawthorns. To lessen the likelihood of this problem occurring, avoid overwatering and trim your tree to allow for airflow.

Fire blight is a bacterial disease that affects hawthorn trees. The disease kills the blossoms as well as the shoots and causes the branches to die. It may cause a tree to fall in extreme cases.

Trim your hawthorn to get rid of infected areas and dispose of them properly. With proper care, you can enjoy your hawthorn for many years to come.

Types of Hawthorn Tree

If you choose a non-native plant, make sure it is pest and disease resistant. Hawthorn selection There are several Cratageus varieties that are resistant to rust and fireblight and are equally beautiful.

You’ll need to find the ideal tree for your location. The possibilities are endless. Here are some of the most popular nursery industry options:

Canadian, C. canadensis – A frost-resistant Hawthorn that can grow to be 30 feet tall. It can withstand city pollution, and canadensis grows.

C. Phenopyrum, or Washington Hawthorn, is a small hawthorn with extremely vibrant berries and striking autumn color.

Hawthorn Cockspur, C. crus-galli Crus-galli, C. Low-growing, wide-branched thicket with branches that reach the ground, similar to hawthorn. It provides autumn colors.

The Copenhagen hawthorne is a dwarf variety that only grows to about 6 feet tall but makes up for its size with its dense branches and bright red berries.

Just remember, when choosing a non-native plant, be sure to do your research to ensure it is pest and disease resistant!

Do hawthorn trees grow fast?

Hawthorn trees are among the fastest-growing trees in the world. In optimum conditions, they can grow up to 25 inches per year.

However, even in less than ideal conditions, they still grow at a rate of 12-24 inches annually.

This makes them one of the best choices for landscaping projects where fast growth is desired. Hawthorns are also very adaptable and can thrive in a variety of environments.

However, they do require well-irrigated soil and lots of sunlight to reach their full potential. For these reasons, hawthorn trees are an excellent choice for anyone looking for a fast-growing tree.

Where are hawthorn trees found?

Hawthorn trees are found in temperate climates around the world, including North America, Europe, Asia, and North Africa.

Common names for hawthorn trees include quickthorn, thornapple, whitethorn, mayflower, and hawberry. Hawthorn trees belong to the family Crataegus, which includes hundreds of species of the Rose family (Rosaceae).

Hawthorn trees are known for their sharp thorns, which make them excellent for hedges and barriers. The berries of hawthorn trees are also edible and often used in jams and jellies.

In addition to their practical uses, hawthorn trees are also popular for their beauty and are often planted as ornamental plants.

Is a hawthorn a good tree?

Though hawthorn trees are most known for their beautiful red blossoms in the spring, they are actually a good tree for any season. In the winter, the hawthorn’s branches provide roosting and nesting sites for birds.

In the spring, as mentioned before, the hawthorn is covered in beautiful red blossoms. The summer brings forth small, red fruits that are favorites of many animals, such as deer, bears, and rabbits.

Finally, in the fall, the leaves of the hawthorn tree turn a deep red color, providing a stunning backdrop for any garden or yard. No matter what time of year it is, a hawthorn tree is sure to enhance the beauty of any landscaping.

How fast does a hawthorn tree grow?

The hawthorn tree is a species of flowering plant that is native to North America. The tree grows to a height of between 20-30 feet, with a trunk diameter of 18 inches.

The leaves are oblong, with a serrated margin and a dark green color. The flowers are white, with five petals, and bloom in the spring. The fruit is a small, red drupe that ripens in the fall.

Hawthorn trees are tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions and can grow in both full sun and partial shade. They have a moderate growth rate, with an increase in height of 13-24 inches per year.

Hawthorn trees are popular ornamental plants and are often used as specimen trees or hedge plants. They are also valuable for wildlife, as the trees provide food and shelter for birds and other animals.

Can you grow hawthorn?

You can grow hawthorn trees quite easily, as they require full sunlight and well-drained soil. They can also tolerate nearly any kind of soil and varying pH.

The best time to plant them is in the spring, so that they can enjoy the entire season to get established prior to the winter.

Once planted, be sure to water them regularly and fertilize them every few months to ensure healthy growth. With a little love and attention, your hawthorn tree will thrive for years to come.

What is the lifespan of a hawthorn tree?

Hawthorn trees are among the hardiest and longest-lived of all trees. They can live for 400 years or more, but 250 years is more common. Even at 225 years old, Hawthorns are still young compared to other trees.

However, they show signs of age after 175 years, with characteristic features that indicate their great age. Despite their long lifespans, Hawthorns are not immune to the effects of time.

They are susceptible to disease and pests, and their leaves can turn yellow and fall off if they do not get enough sunlight. But with proper care, a Hawthorn tree can provide beauty and shade for generations to come.

How long does it take hawthorn trees to grow?

Hawthorn trees are a popular choice for landscape due to their beautiful appearance and moderate growth rate. On average, these trees grow between 13-24 inches per year.

This means that it will take several years for the tree to reach its full height potential. However, once the tree has reached maturity, it will require very little maintenance. Hawthorn trees are also known for their resilience and ability to withstand harsh conditions.

This makes them ideal for locations that experience extreme weather conditions. Overall, hawthorn trees are a great option for those looking for an attractive and low-maintenance tree.

What does a common hawthorn tree look like?

The common hawthorn is a small, thorny plant that is native to Europe and Asia. Also known as the may blossom, it is an evergreen shrub that can grow from 15 to 45 feet tall.

The leaves are lobed and green, with white flowers that bloom in corymbs. The tiny red fruit of the hawthorn tree is often used in jams and jellies. In addition to being an important food source for birds and other wildlife, the common hawthorn is also used in traditional medicine.

The bark and berries of the tree are said to have medicinal properties, and the tree itself is widely considered to be lucky. As a result, the common hawthorn is a popular plant in both gardens and Traditional healing practices.

Jessica Miles

Jessica Miles is a writer for Botanique Boutique, a plant and gardening blog. She has always loved plants, flowers, and anything green. When she was younger, she used to watch her grandfather garden and would be in awe of the beautiful flowers he would grow. Now Jessica writes about all things related to plants and gardening - from beginner tips on how to start growing your own plants, to in-depth guides on caring for a specific type of flower or plant. She loves helping others learn about this fascinating hobby, and hopes that her writing will inspire people to get outside and enjoy nature!

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