Growing Garden Strawberries: A Simple Fruiting Tree for Home Gardeners

If you are looking for an easy-to-grow fruit tree that will provide you with delicious strawberries for many years, then the garden strawberry is perfect for you!

This evergreen tree has a slow-growing habit, but it will spread outwards via runners, giving you plenty of strawberries to harvest.

The leaves are deep green and ridged, and the small white flowers are beautiful. Best of all, this tree is very easy to care for.

Botanical Name Fragaria x ananassa
Common Name Strawberry, garden strawberry
Plant Type Fruiting perennial
Mature Size 4 to 12 inches tall, 6 to 24 inches wide
Sun Exposure Full sun
Soil Type Loamy, rich, well-drained soil
Soil pH Acidic (5.8 to 6.2)
Bloom Time Late spring, early summer
Flower Color White
Hardiness Zones 4 to 9 (USDA)
Native Area Europe

Tips for Keeping Your Plants Healthy:

  • The biggest threat to strawberries is a fungal disease known as gray mold, or botrytis.
  • To prevent this disease, make sure to plant your strawberries in an area with good air circulation and plenty of sunlight.
  • Water the plants at the base, rather than from above, to keep the leaves dry and reduce the chances of fungal diseases taking hold.
  • Remove any diseased or dead leaves from the plant immediately.

Lighting and Temperature

Strawberries need at least six hours of direct sunlight per day, and prefer temperatures between 60-70 degrees Fahrenheit.

If you live in an area with a hot climate, consider planting your strawberries in a shady spot to protect them from the harsh sun.

In colder climates, you may need to provide some protection for your plants during the winter months. A layer of straw mulch will help insulate the roots and prevent them from freezing.


Garden strawberries are not particular about soil type but they do prefer a well-drained, sandy loam. They will grow in heavier soils as long as they are not poorly drained.

The best site for strawberry production is one that receives full sun for most of the day. Six to eight hours of direct sunlight is required for optimum fruit production.


Fertilizer is important for strawberries. They need a lot of nitrogen when they are actively growing in the spring, and less nitrogen as they start to produce fruit in late spring/early summer.

A good way to supply them with nitrogen is to side-dress them with compost or manure tea every few weeks during the growing season.


Pruning is essential to keeping your strawberry tree healthy and producing lots of fruit. Garden strawberries are typically pruned in late winter or early spring, before new growth begins.

You’ll want to remove any dead or diseased wood, as well as any weak or spindly growth. Once you’ve done that, thin out the remaining shoots so that there are only about five or six per plant.

Pruning may seem like a lot of work, but it’s actually quite simple and only takes a few minutes per plant.


Watering is crucial for newly planted strawberries, and they will need to be watered regularly during their first growing season. After that, they are quite drought tolerant.


Size wise, strawberries range from about the size of a pea to as large as your thumb. They can be red, yellow, or white, and they have a distinctively sweet taste that makes them perfect for eating fresh, adding to desserts, or making into preserves.


Flowering and fruiting are best when plants are grown in full sun, though some shade is tolerated. If you live in an area with hot summers, it is best to provide some afternoon shade.

Garden strawberries can be grown in a wide range of soils as long as they are well-drained. The ideal soil is rich in organic matter and has a pH between six and seven.

Common Pests and Diseases

Strawberries are a popular fruit, but they can be tricky to grow. They are high-maintenance plants that must be prepared for a variety of issues, including leaves pot and various leaf diseases such as root rots, fruits diseases that cause rot (such as anthracnose), grey mold viruses, and sun scorch.

Tarnished plant bug, mites and leafrollers, slugs and strawberries weevils, and nematodes are the most common pests. In the absence of netting protection, birds can decimate a strawberry crop.

When it comes to treating pests and diseases, as with any other edible plant, it is best to look for the safest solutions available.

Many gardeners accept the fact that they will always lose a portion of their crops due to these issues. Some cultivars have been bred to be resistant to common diseases.

So, consult a local expert for recommendations on the best berries to grow in your area. With proper care and attention, you can enjoy a delicious harvest of strawberries each year.


One of the best things about strawberries is that they are so easy to spread. Unlike other fruit-bearing plants, which require careful grafting or cross-pollination in order to produce new offspring, strawberries will readily propagate themselves through stem runners.

These runners are basically long stems with small roots that grow out from the parent plant and take root in the soil around them. You can encourage the runners to take root by burying them in the soil, or you can simply leave them on the surface and wait for nature to take its course.

Either way, once the runners have taken root, you can cut the stem and transplant the new plantlet to a new location. For best results, dig up and relocate the strawberry plants during the first week of autumn.

Garden Strawberry Varieties

Strawberry plants are distinguished by their fruiting patterns. Make sure you know what you’re planting because the variety of plant will determine when and how much you harvest.

The June flowering: Every year, this cultivar produces a massive crop over a two- to three-week period, typically in June, though they may bear later in warm climates.

The plants benefit greatly from removing all of their blooms at the start of the year in order to increase future yields.

Everbearing Strawberries, contrary to popular belief, are not always fruitful.

They produce buds even when they are long, which usually results in two major harvests: one in June and one in early autumn.

Day neutral: These strawberry plants bear fruit all year, but not as frequently as plants that bear fruit in June.

They do not require a cold period to flower and fruit, so they can be grown in most climates. However, their yield is often lower than other types of strawberries.

Can you just plant a strawberry in the ground?

Spring is the best time to plant strawberries. You want to pick a location that has well-draining soil and full sun for at least six hours. The ideal pH for strawberry plants is between 6 and 7.

Loamy soil is also perfect for strawberry plants. You should till the soil to a depth of about eight inches. After you have chosen your location and tilled the soil, you are ready to plant your strawberries.

You should plant the strawberry plants 18 inches apart in rows that are three feet apart. You should water the strawberry plants immediately after planting them.

Mulch around the strawberry plants with straw or pine needles to help retain moisture and keep the berries clean. You can expect to see berries in about three months after planting.

How many strawberries can I plant in a square foot garden?

Growing strawberries in a small space can be a challenge, but with a little planning it is possible to create a bountiful strawberry patch in a square foot garden.

The key is to select a variety of Dwarf or Alpine strawberries, which are smaller in size and more compact than other types of strawberries.

Once you have chosen your plants, it is important to thin them out so that each one has enough room to grow.

For best results, plant four strawberries per square foot, making sure to leave enough space between each plant for air circulation.

With proper care and plenty of sunshine, your square foot strawberry patch will soon be bearing fruit.

How tall is a strawberry bush?

A strawberry bush can range in height from 6 to 12 feet tall. The plant typically has a short, thick trunk with a few small branches reaching upward.

The leaves are dark green and shiny, and the flowers are white with yellow centers. Strawberries grow on the tips of the branches, and each plant can produce up to 20 berries per season.

The fruit is red, juicy, and sweet, with small seeds on the surface.

While most strawberry bushes are grown in gardens or greenhouses, some varieties are able to survive in colder climates. In general, however, the plants prefer warm weather and plenty of sunlight.

How far apart do you plant strawberries?

The ideal spacing for planting strawberries is 12-18 inches apart. This allows the plants to have enough room to grow without overcrowding, which can reduce fruit production.

Strawberries require full sun to produce the most fruit, so it’s important to choose a location that gets plenty of sunlight throughout the day.

Additionally, strawberries are self-fertile, but they need bees to pollinate them in order to produce fruit.

To keep your strawberry plants from taking over your entire yard, be sure to remove a few runners each season. With proper care, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious strawberries year after year.

How many square feet does a strawberry plant need?

While the average strawberry plant only grows to be about 10 inches tall, it can spread up to 2 feet wide, making it a relatively space-efficient plant.

When planting strawberries, gardeners typically recommend leaving about 4 square feet of space for each plant.

This allows the plants enough room to spread out and also makes it easier to tend to them, especially when it comes to tasks like watering and mulching.

However, if you’re tight on space, you can also plant multiple strawberry plants in the same area by spacing them about 4 inches apart.

Just be aware that overcrowding can lead to reduced fruit production.

Ultimately, how many square feet you need for your strawberry plants will depend on the amount of space you have available and how many plants you want to grow.

How do you plant strawberries in a square foot garden?

Planting strawberries in a square foot garden is a great way to get the most out of your gardening space. To start, you will need to prepare a 4×4 square area that is well-drained and has full sun exposure.

Amend the soil with compost or manure to help improve drainage and fertility. Once the soil is ready, you can plant your strawberry plants 18 inches apart.

Be sure to water them well and mulch around the plants to help retain moisture. You should also fertilize your strawberry plants every few weeks during the growing season.

By following these simple tips, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious strawberries.

How do you grow strawberries in the ground?

Growing strawberries in the ground is easy and rewarding. Be sure to select a site that receives full sun and has well-drained soil. The best time to plant strawberries is in the spring, after the last frost.

To prepare the planting site, loosen the soil to a depth of 12 inches and add organic matter such as compost or manure.

Next, create hills or mounds that are about 6 inches tall and 18 inches wide.

Space the mounds 3 feet apart, and plant six to eight strawberry plants on each mound. After planting, water your strawberries well and Mulch around the plants to help retain moisture and control weeds.

With a little care, you will soon be enjoying delicious homegrown strawberries!

How do you plant strawberry strawberries?

When you plant strawberry strawberries, it is important to take into account the size of the plant. If the plant is too big, it will not be able to get the nutrients it needs from the soil.

Also, make sure that there is enough space between the plants so that they can get the sunlight they need. In addition, it is important to water the plants regularly so that they do not dry out.

When you first plant the strawberries, you should water them twice a day for the first week. After that, you can reduce the watering to once a day.

Finally, make sure to fertilize the plants every two weeks so that they can produce healthy fruit.

How many strawberries do I need for 30 square feet?

If you’re wondering how many strawberries you’ll need to planted to cover a 30 square foot area, the best number to thin the plants down to is 4 per square foot, or 120 strawberries in total.

This will give the plants enough room to grow and produce fruit without being overcrowded. Overcrowding can lead to competition for resources like water and sunlight, which can stress the plants and decrease fruit production.

In addition, thinning the plants will help to ensure that each strawberry has enough room to reach its full potential in size and sweetness.

So if you’re looking to plant a strawberry patch that will provide you with plenty of delicious fruit, make sure to leave enough space between the plants.

Jessica Miles

Jessica Miles is a writer for Botanique Boutique, a plant and gardening blog. She has always loved plants, flowers, and anything green. When she was younger, she used to watch her grandfather garden and would be in awe of the beautiful flowers he would grow. Now Jessica writes about all things related to plants and gardening - from beginner tips on how to start growing your own plants, to in-depth guides on caring for a specific type of flower or plant. She loves helping others learn about this fascinating hobby, and hopes that her writing will inspire people to get outside and enjoy nature!

Recent Posts